Preprint Open Access
Collective operations are common features of parallel programming models that are frequently used in High-Performance (HPC) and machine/ deep learning (ML/ DL) applications. In strong scaling scenarios, collective operations can negatively impact the overall application performance: with the increase in core count, the load per rank decreases, while the time spent in collective operations increases logarithmically.
In this article, we propose a design of eventually consistent collectives suitable for ML/ DL computations by reducing communication in Broadcast and Reduce, as well as by exploring the Stale Synchronous Parallel (SSP) synchronization model for the Allreduce collective. Moreover, we also enrich the GASPI ecosystem with frequently used classic/ consistent collective operations -- such as Allreduce for large messages and AlltoAll used in an HPC code. Our implementations show promising preliminary results with significant improvements, especially for Allreduce and AlltoAll, compared to the vendor-provided MPI alternatives.