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Knowledge, Attitude and Practice on Hygiene and Sanitation among the population of selected districts in Province No. 2, Nepal

Khushbu Yadav, Basant Kumar Yadav, Satyam Prakash

Proper hygiene and inadequate sanitation has direct effect on health of individual, family, communities and nation as a whole. Provision of accessible, affordable and acceptable safe drinking water facility, optimum hygiene and sanitation to each and every individual of the world regarding to caste, ethnicity, gender, socio-economic status and geographical location is essential. Thus, the objective of this study was designed to assess knowledge, attitude and practice of hygiene and sanitation on population of selected districts of Province No. 2 in Nepal. Methods This descriptive cross sectional study was conducted from April to June 2019 in selected districts of Province No. 2, Nepal. 450 study participants were enrolled. Convenient sampling method was applied by designing standard structured questionnaire. Data was entered in SPSS 18 and p-value < 0.05 was considered as statistically significant. Results The results of this study reflect 82.22% respondents had knowledge that most of the diseases are caused by the lack of sanitation whereas 51.11% were familiar that the disease are caused by the collection of water around house. 92% respondents had disagreed about open defecation, 96% respondents had agreed about hand should be washed after defecation and 82% respondents had agreed on nail should be trimmed at regular interval. All respondents had brushing habit, 67.78% respondents used brush in their brushing habit, 33.56% had daily bathing habit, 20% washed clothes daily and only 15.55% used soap for washing hands after handling cattle dung. Association between education and using toilet facilities was found to be significant (p-value <0.05) but correlation between using toilet facilities and type of family among community people was statistically insignificant (p- value > 0.05). Conclusion The overall knowledge, attitude and practice on hygiene and sanitation among study participants were better, good and satisfactory respectively. Environmental sanitation program, development of household wastes, water treatment procedures and safe water storage should be done in community system and awareness programs should be carried on a regular basis.

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