Poster Open Access

Constraining stellar CME occurrence with optical spectroscopy

Odert, Petra; Leitzinger, Martin; Guenther, Eike W.; Heinzel, Petr


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    "description": "<p>Our knowledge on coronal mass ejections (CMEs) on stars other than the Sun is still sparse. Spectroscopic observations in the optical sometimes show asymmetrically broadened wings and/or transient extra-emissions in chromospheric lines during or shortly after flare events. These may be interpreted as signatures of prominence eruptions, which are closely related to CMEs on the Sun. Dedicated searches for these signatures have, however, mostly yielded non-detections. Here we present a semi-empirical model which combines predictions of intrinsic stellar CME rates with simple radiative transfer calculations in the Balmer lines. We find that typical observations have most likely been too short and/or they had a too low signal-to-noise ratio to detect CMEs. We predict the minimum observing time needed to detect CMEs in the Balmer lines for stars with different spectral types and activity levels.</p>", 
    "contributors": [
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        "type": "Editor", 
        "name": "Wolk, Scott"
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    "title": "Constraining stellar CME occurrence with optical spectroscopy", 
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      "id": "CC-BY-4.0"
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        "title": "CME activity of the Sun in different evolutionary stages", 
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    "references": [
      "Heinzel, P. (2015) in: Astrophysics and Space Science Library, Vol. 415, Solar Prominences, ed. J.-C. Vial & O. Engvold, 103-130", 
      "Labrosse, N., Heinzel, P., Vial, J.-C., et al. (2010) SSR, 151, 243", 
      "Odert, P., Leitzinger, M., Guenther, E. W., Heinzel, P. (2020) MNRAS, 494, 3766", 
      "Odert, P., Leitzinger, M., Hanslmeier, A., Lammer, H. (2017) MNRAS, 472, 876"
    ], 
    "keywords": [
      "Cool Stars on the main sequence"
    ], 
    "publication_date": "2021-02-25", 
    "creators": [
      {
        "affiliation": "Institute of Physics/IGAM, University of Graz, Austria", 
        "name": "Odert, Petra"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": "Institute of Physics/IGAM, University of Graz, Austria", 
        "name": "Leitzinger, Martin"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": "Th\u00fcringer Landessternwarte Tautenburg, Germany", 
        "name": "Guenther, Eike W."
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": "Astronomical Institute, Czech Academy of Sciences, Ond\u0159ejov, Czech Republic", 
        "name": "Heinzel, Petr"
      }
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      "url": "http://coolstars20.cfa.harvard.edu/cs20half/", 
      "dates": "March 2-4, 2021", 
      "place": "virtually anywhere", 
      "title": "The 20.5th Cambridge Workshop on Cool Stars, Stellar Systems, and the Sun"
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