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A Neuro-Fuzzy System to Calculate a Journal Internationality Index

Perakakis, Pandelis; Taylor, Michael; Buela-Casal, Gualberto; Checa, Purificacion


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    <subfield code="a">A Neuro-Fuzzy System to Calculate a Journal Internationality Index</subfield>
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    <subfield code="a">&lt;p&gt;Internationality as a concept is being applied ambiguously and erroneously, particularly in the world of academic journal publication where it is often used as a quality indicator. Although different qualitative criteria have been used by scientometrists in order to attempt a measure of internationality in various contexts, it is now clear that the literal definition of internationality is a minimal one while other proposed measures based on individual criteria fail to provide a complete and accurate assessment. As such, internationality remains to be defined2.&lt;/p&gt;

&lt;p&gt;Here, we present a holistic approach to the problem based on fuzzy logic. We surveyed, critically-assessed and pruned the set of internationality criteria in the context of academic publishing, selecting those that are semantically precise and amenable to &lt;em&gt;quantitative &lt;/em&gt;measure. We have tested the ability of each criterion to measure internationality by applying them to four thematically-connected journals from the field of Health and Clinical Psychology, using descriptive&lt;/p&gt;

&lt;p&gt;statistics and the Gini Coefficient. The results of this case study revealed that, in the absence of a method of numerically weighting the criteria, any measurement of internationality remains ambiguous and incorrect.&lt;/p&gt;

&lt;p&gt;We propose that internationality is best represented by a neuro-fuzzy system of fuzzy sets of the weighted criteria linked by fuzzy rules in a multi-layer perceptron, whose output defuzzification gives a new measure &amp;ndash; a &lt;em&gt;Journal Internationality Index &lt;/em&gt;akin to the Impact Factor for citations. Viewing internationality in this way as an approximated fuzzy function means a quantitative measure can be found while keeping intact its semantic rule origins and meaning.&amp;nbsp;&lt;/p&gt;</subfield>
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