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A Neuro-Fuzzy System to Calculate a Journal Internationality Index

Perakakis, Pandelis; Taylor, Michael; Buela-Casal, Gualberto; Checa, Purificacion


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{
  "description": "<p>Internationality as a concept is being applied ambiguously and erroneously, particularly in the world of academic journal publication where it is often used as a quality indicator. Although different qualitative criteria have been used by scientometrists in order to attempt a measure of internationality in various contexts, it is now clear that the literal definition of internationality is a minimal one while other proposed measures based on individual criteria fail to provide a complete and accurate assessment. As such, internationality remains to be defined2.</p>\n\n<p>Here, we present a holistic approach to the problem based on fuzzy logic. We surveyed, critically-assessed and pruned the set of internationality criteria in the context of academic publishing, selecting those that are semantically precise and amenable to <em>quantitative </em>measure. We have tested the ability of each criterion to measure internationality by applying them to four thematically-connected journals from the field of Health and Clinical Psychology, using descriptive</p>\n\n<p>statistics and the Gini Coefficient. The results of this case study revealed that, in the absence of a method of numerically weighting the criteria, any measurement of internationality remains ambiguous and incorrect.</p>\n\n<p>We propose that internationality is best represented by a neuro-fuzzy system of fuzzy sets of the weighted criteria linked by fuzzy rules in a multi-layer perceptron, whose output defuzzification gives a new measure &ndash; a <em>Journal Internationality Index </em>akin to the Impact Factor for citations. Viewing internationality in this way as an approximated fuzzy function means a quantitative measure can be found while keeping intact its semantic rule origins and meaning.&nbsp;</p>", 
  "license": "http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/legalcode", 
  "creator": [
    {
      "affiliation": "University of Granada", 
      "@type": "Person", 
      "name": "Perakakis, Pandelis"
    }, 
    {
      "affiliation": "Autonoma University of Madrid", 
      "@type": "Person", 
      "name": "Taylor, Michael"
    }, 
    {
      "affiliation": "University of Granada", 
      "@type": "Person", 
      "name": "Buela-Casal, Gualberto"
    }, 
    {
      "affiliation": "University of Granada", 
      "@type": "Person", 
      "name": "Checa, Purificacion"
    }
  ], 
  "url": "https://zenodo.org/record/45541", 
  "image": "https://zenodo.org/static/img/logos/zenodo-gradient-round.svg", 
  "datePublished": "2005-09-13", 
  "headline": "A Neuro-Fuzzy System to Calculate a Journal Internationality Index", 
  "keywords": [
    "Internationality, fuzzy logic, neuro-fuzy systems"
  ], 
  "@context": "https://schema.org/", 
  "identifier": "https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.45541", 
  "@id": "https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.45541", 
  "@type": "ScholarlyArticle", 
  "name": "A Neuro-Fuzzy System to Calculate a Journal Internationality Index"
}
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