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Ritual songs "Yor-yor" of the Fergana valley of Uzbekistan


Fergana Valley is located on the territory of the Republic of Uzbekistan and is one of the centers of culture and art. The population of the valley has been engaged in agriculture, gardening and handicrafts since ancient times. In the social and cultural life of the valley, it has become a tradition to hold mass folk festivals and family rituals, which are accompanied by appropriate songs and dances. In this process, solo and choral song traditions, characteristic of female creativity, were formed. Family ritual songs "Yor-Yor" (Yor-Yor - the refrain word, means "friend-spouse") occupy a special place in this series. From century to century, these songs were sung at weddings, when women accompanied the bride to the groom's house with words of parting words. Songs "Yor-Yor" are accompanied by dance-rhythmic formulas (usul) performed on the national instrument doira (an oval-shaped percussion instrument). In the melodic sense, the songs "Yor-Yor" are carriers of the intonation dictionary characteristic of female creativity. The basis of this intonation dictionary is made up of descending trichordic intonations that express the semantics of sadness.  As a result, the songs “yor-yor” based on these intonations are performed in slow motion and are distinguished by their melodiousness.


            Keywords: folklore, tradition, rite, ritual, sing, yor-yor, musician, singer, usul,

This article has been published at , Vol.#3, Issue: 1, January 2021.
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