Journal article Open Access

On the tarikat method in the instrumental music of the Bukhara Shashmakom


In the Middle Ages, the Arabic word “makom” was enriched with another meaning - it symbolized the path to self-improvement, more precisely, the stages of spiritual perfection.  It acquired this meaning largely thanks to the Sufi teaching (at-tasawwuf) about the perfect person, which at that time was widespread among the most diverse strata of Muslim society and had a strong influence on artistic creativity. In particular, the ideas of sufizm were reflected in oral folk art, in classical poetry, the art of book miniatures, architecture and classical music. Music occupies a special place in this series: maqom seeds are a kind of musical embodiment of the steps of cognition. The ideological basis of his philosophical wisdom is primarily the teaching of the tasavvuf about the perfect man.

Keywords: maqom, theme, tariqat, Central Asia, anemitonics, Shashmaqom, tradition, muskilot, nasr, tanbur, doira, usul,        


This article has been published at , Vol.#3, Issue: 1, January 2021.
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