Dataset Open Access

Material stock map of Austria

Haberl, Helmut; Wiedenhofer, Dominik; Schug, Franz; Frantz, David; Virag, Doris; Plutzar, Christoph; Gruhler, Karin; Lederer, Jakob; Schiller, Georg; Fishman, Tomer; Lanau, Maud; Gattringer, Andreas; Kemper, Thomas; Liu, Gang; Tanikawa, Hiroki; van der Linden, Sebastian; Hostert, Patrick


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{
  "inLanguage": {
    "alternateName": "eng", 
    "@type": "Language", 
    "name": "English"
  }, 
  "description": "<p>Dynamics of societal material stocks such as buildings and infrastructures and their spatial patterns drive surging resource use and emissions. Building up and maintaining stocks requires large&nbsp;amounts of resources; currently stock-building materials amount to almost 60% of all materials used by humanity. Buildings, infrastructures and machinery shape social practices of production&nbsp;and consumption, thereby creating path dependencies for future resource use. They constitute the physical basis of the spatial organization of most socio-economic activities, for example as&nbsp;mobility networks, urbanization and settlement patterns and various other infrastructures.</p>\n\n<p>This dataset features a detailed map of material stocks for the whole of Austria on a 10m grid based on high resolution Earth Observation data (Sentinel-1 + Sentinel-2), crowd-sourced geodata (OSM) and material intensity factors.</p>\n\n<p><strong>Temporal extent</strong><br>\nThe map is representative for ca. 2018.</p>\n\n<p><strong>Data format</strong><br>\nPer federal state, the data come in tiles of 30x30km (see shapefile). The projection is EPSG:3035. The images are compressed GeoTiff files (*.tif). There is a mosaic in GDAL Virtual format (*.vrt), which can readily be opened in most Geographic Information Systems.&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>The dataset features</p>\n\n<ul>\n\t<li>area and mass for different street types</li>\n\t<li>area and mass for different rail types</li>\n\t<li>area and mass for other infrastructure</li>\n\t<li>area, volume and mass for different&nbsp;building types</li>\n</ul>\n\n<p>Masses are reported as total values, and per material category.</p>\n\n<p><strong>Units</strong></p>\n\n<ul>\n\t<li>area&nbsp;in m&sup2;</li>\n\t<li>height in m</li>\n\t<li>volume in m&sup3;</li>\n\t<li>mass in t/m&sup2; for infrastructure</li>\n\t<li>mass in t/m&sup3;&nbsp;for buildings</li>\n</ul>\n\n<p><strong>Further information</strong><br>\nFor further information, please see the publication or contact Helmut Haberl (helmut.haberl@boku.ac.at).<br>\nA web-visualization of this dataset is available&nbsp;<a href=\"https://ows.geo.hu-berlin.de/webviewer/stocks/index.html\">here</a>.<br>\nVisit our <a href=\"https://boku.ac.at/understanding-the-role-of-material-stock-patterns-for-the-transformation-to-a-sustainable-society-mat-stocks\">website</a> to learn more about our project MAT_STOCKS -&nbsp;Understanding the Role of Material Stock Patterns for the Transformation to a Sustainable Society.</p>\n\n<p><strong>Publication</strong><br>\nHaberl, H., Wiedenhofer, D., Schug, F., Frantz, D., Vir&aacute;g, D., Plutzar, C., Gruhler, K., Lederer, J., Schiller, G. , Fishman, T., Lanau, M., Gattringer, A., Kemper, T., Liu, G., Tanikawa, H., van der Linden, S., Hostert, P. (accepted): High-resolution maps of material stocks in buildings and infrastructures in Austria and Germany. Environmental Science &amp; Technology</p>\n\n<p><strong>Funding</strong><br>\nThis research was primarly funded by&nbsp;the European Research Council (ERC) under the&nbsp;European Union&rsquo;s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme (MAT_STOCKS, grant&nbsp;agreement No 741950). ML and GL acknowledge funding by the Independent Research Fund&nbsp;Denmark (CityWeight, 6111-00555B), ML thanks the Engineering and Physical Sciences&nbsp;Research Council (EPSRC; project Multi-Scale, Circular Economic Potential of Non-Residential&nbsp;Building Scale, EP/S029273/1), JL acknowledges funding by the Vienna Science and&nbsp;Technology Fund (WWTF), project ESR17-067, TF acknowledges the Israel Science Foundation&nbsp;grant no. 2706/19.</p>\n\n<p>&nbsp;</p>", 
  "license": "https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/legalcode", 
  "creator": [
    {
      "affiliation": "University of Natural Resources and Life Sciences Vienna, Institute of Social Ecology", 
      "@type": "Person", 
      "name": "Haberl, Helmut"
    }, 
    {
      "affiliation": "University of Natural Resources and Life Sciences Vienna, Institute of Social Ecology", 
      "@type": "Person", 
      "name": "Wiedenhofer, Dominik"
    }, 
    {
      "affiliation": "Humboldt-Universitat zu Berlin, Earth Observation Lab, Dept. of Geography", 
      "@type": "Person", 
      "name": "Schug, Franz"
    }, 
    {
      "affiliation": "Humboldt-Universitat zu Berlin, Earth Observation Lab, Dept. of Geography", 
      "@type": "Person", 
      "name": "Frantz, David"
    }, 
    {
      "affiliation": "University of Natural Resources and Life Sciences Vienna, Institute of Social Ecology", 
      "@type": "Person", 
      "name": "Virag, Doris"
    }, 
    {
      "affiliation": "University of Natural Resources and Life Sciences Vienna, Institute of Social Ecology", 
      "@type": "Person", 
      "name": "Plutzar, Christoph"
    }, 
    {
      "affiliation": "Leibnitz Association, Leibniz Institute of Ecological Urban and Regional Development", 
      "@type": "Person", 
      "name": "Gruhler, Karin"
    }, 
    {
      "affiliation": "TU Wien, Institute for Water quality and Resource management", 
      "@type": "Person", 
      "name": "Lederer, Jakob"
    }, 
    {
      "affiliation": "Leibnitz Association, Leibniz Institute of Ecological Urban and Regional Development", 
      "@type": "Person", 
      "name": "Schiller, Georg"
    }, 
    {
      "affiliation": "School of Sustainability, Interdisciplinary Center (IDC) Herzliya", 
      "@type": "Person", 
      "name": "Fishman, Tomer"
    }, 
    {
      "affiliation": "The University of Sheffield, Dept. of Civil and Structural Engineering", 
      "@type": "Person", 
      "name": "Lanau, Maud"
    }, 
    {
      "affiliation": "University of Vienna, Dept. of Botany and Biodiversity Research", 
      "@type": "Person", 
      "name": "Gattringer, Andreas"
    }, 
    {
      "affiliation": "European Commission Joint Research Centre Ispra Sector", 
      "@type": "Person", 
      "name": "Kemper, Thomas"
    }, 
    {
      "affiliation": "Syddansk Universitet", 
      "@type": "Person", 
      "name": "Liu, Gang"
    }, 
    {
      "affiliation": "Nagoya University, Department of Environmental Engineering and Architecture in the Graduate School of Environmental Studies", 
      "@type": "Person", 
      "name": "Tanikawa, Hiroki"
    }, 
    {
      "affiliation": "Universit\u00e4t Greifswald, Institut f\u00fcr Geographie und Geologie", 
      "@type": "Person", 
      "name": "van der Linden, Sebastian"
    }, 
    {
      "affiliation": "Humboldt-Universitat zu Berlin, Earth Observation Lab, Dept. of Geography", 
      "@type": "Person", 
      "name": "Hostert, Patrick"
    }
  ], 
  "url": "https://zenodo.org/record/4522892", 
  "datePublished": "2021-02-08", 
  "version": "v. 1.0", 
  "keywords": [
    "Austria", 
    "Remote Sensing", 
    "Geoinformatics", 
    "Industrial Ecology", 
    "Socio-Economic Metabolism", 
    "Stock-Flow-Service Nexus", 
    "Sustainability", 
    "Built-up", 
    "City", 
    "Street", 
    "Infrastructure", 
    "Mass", 
    "Copernicus", 
    "Sentinel-1", 
    "Sentinel-2", 
    "OpenStreetMap", 
    "Map"
  ], 
  "@context": "https://schema.org/", 
  "distribution": [
    {
      "contentUrl": "https://zenodo.org/api/files/71daa614-0f3e-41c7-8882-27324897f2f4/material_stocks_austria.zip", 
      "encodingFormat": "zip", 
      "@type": "DataDownload"
    }
  ], 
  "identifier": "https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4522892", 
  "@id": "https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4522892", 
  "@type": "Dataset", 
  "name": "Material stock map of Austria"
}
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