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Pulling for pleasure? Erotic approach-bias associated with porn use, not problems

Kahveci, Sercan; van Bockstaele, Bram; Blechert, Jens; Wiers, Reinout W.


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{
  "description": "<p><strong>Background and Objectives: </strong>Addictive behaviors are gaining recognition in the clinical community, leading to more attention for the effects of problematic porn use. As many addictive behaviors are characterized by automatically activated approach-tendencies for disorder-relevant stimuli, we tested whether such tendencies are also present for erotic images and whether these are related to problematic porn use.</p>\n\n<p><strong>Methods: </strong>Measuring approach-bias for erotic photographs, sixty-two healthy heterosexual and bisexual men completed both a relevant-feature and an irrelevant-feature approach-avoidance task (AAT). Half of participants operated a joystick as response device, the other half a keyboard. We recorded participants&rsquo; number of weekly porn-viewing sessions and symptoms of problematic porn use.</p>\n\n<p><strong>Results: </strong>The irrelevant-feature AAT produced unreliable results and was not analyzed further. In the relevant-feature AAT, participants had an overall approach-bias towards erotic stimuli. Porn use frequency, but not problematic porn use, was associated with with greater erotic approach-bias. This relationship was stronger when measured with a joystick than with a keyboard.</p>\n\n<p><strong>Limitations: </strong>Our design did not allow to test the causal direction of the relationship between porn use and approach-bias, and our results cannot be generalized to women, non-heterosexual men, and clinical populations.</p>\n\n<p><strong>Conclusions:</strong> Similar to other addictive behaviors and substances, we found a positive relation between porn use and approach-bias. Future studies using the relevant-feature AAT will likely benefit from using the joystick rather than the keyboard.</p>", 
  "license": "https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/legalcode", 
  "creator": [
    {
      "affiliation": "Addiction Development and Psychopathology (ADAPT) lab, Department of Psychology, University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The Netherlands; Department of Psychology, Paris-Lodron-University of Salzburg, Salzburg, Austria; Centre for Cognitive Neuroscience, Paris-Lodron-University of Salzburg, Salzburg, Austria", 
      "@type": "Person", 
      "name": "Kahveci, Sercan"
    }, 
    {
      "affiliation": "Addiction Development and Psychopathology (ADAPT) lab, Department of Psychology, University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The Netherlands; Department of Child Development and Education, University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The Netherlands; School of Psychological Science, University of Western Australia, Crawley, Australia", 
      "@type": "Person", 
      "name": "van Bockstaele, Bram"
    }, 
    {
      "affiliation": "Department of Psychology, Paris-Lodron-University of Salzburg, Salzburg, Austria; Centre for Cognitive Neuroscience, Paris-Lodron-University of Salzburg, Salzburg, Austria", 
      "@type": "Person", 
      "name": "Blechert, Jens"
    }, 
    {
      "affiliation": "Addiction Development and Psychopathology (ADAPT) lab, Department of Psychology, University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The Netherlands; Center for Urban Mental Health, University of Amsterdam, The Netherlands", 
      "@type": "Person", 
      "name": "Wiers, Reinout W."
    }
  ], 
  "headline": "Pulling for pleasure? Erotic approach-bias associated with porn use, not problems", 
  "image": "https://zenodo.org/static/img/logos/zenodo-gradient-round.svg", 
  "datePublished": "2020-10-14", 
  "url": "https://zenodo.org/record/4500965", 
  "@context": "https://schema.org/", 
  "identifier": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.lmot.2020.101656", 
  "@id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.lmot.2020.101656", 
  "@type": "ScholarlyArticle", 
  "name": "Pulling for pleasure? Erotic approach-bias associated with porn use, not problems"
}
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