Journal article Open Access

A counterfactual approach to measure the impact of wet grassland conservation on UK breeding bird populations

Sean Jellesmark; Malcolm Ausden; Tim M. Blackburn; Richard D. Gregory; Mike Hoffmann; Dario Massimino; Piero Visconti


DataCite XML Export

<?xml version='1.0' encoding='utf-8'?>
<resource xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xmlns="http://datacite.org/schema/kernel-4" xsi:schemaLocation="http://datacite.org/schema/kernel-4 http://schema.datacite.org/meta/kernel-4.1/metadata.xsd">
  <identifier identifierType="URL">https://zenodo.org/record/4475515</identifier>
  <creators>
    <creator>
      <creatorName>Sean Jellesmark</creatorName>
      <nameIdentifier nameIdentifierScheme="ORCID" schemeURI="http://orcid.org/">0000-0002-6523-5092</nameIdentifier>
      <affiliation>Centre for Biodiversity and Environment Research, University College London, London, United Kingdom</affiliation>
    </creator>
    <creator>
      <creatorName>Malcolm Ausden</creatorName>
      <affiliation>RSPB Centre for Conservation Science, The Lodge, Sandy, Bedfordshire SG19 2DL</affiliation>
    </creator>
    <creator>
      <creatorName>Tim M. Blackburn</creatorName>
      <affiliation>Centre for Biodiversity and Environment Research, University College London, London, United Kingdom</affiliation>
    </creator>
    <creator>
      <creatorName>Richard D. Gregory</creatorName>
      <affiliation>RSPB Centre for Conservation Science, The Lodge, Sandy, Bedfordshire SG19 2DL</affiliation>
    </creator>
    <creator>
      <creatorName>Mike Hoffmann</creatorName>
      <affiliation>Institute of Zoology, Zoological Society of London, London, United Kingdom</affiliation>
    </creator>
    <creator>
      <creatorName>Dario Massimino</creatorName>
      <affiliation>British Trust for Ornithology, The Nunnery, Thetford, IP24 2PU, United Kingdom</affiliation>
    </creator>
    <creator>
      <creatorName>Piero Visconti</creatorName>
      <affiliation>International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis (IIASA), Schlossplatz 1, A-2361 Laxenburg, Austria</affiliation>
    </creator>
  </creators>
  <titles>
    <title>A counterfactual approach to measure the impact of wet grassland conservation on UK breeding bird populations</title>
  </titles>
  <publisher>Zenodo</publisher>
  <publicationYear>2021</publicationYear>
  <subjects>
    <subject>Counterfactual, impact evaluation, wetland birds, wetland conservation, causal inference, conservation effectiveness</subject>
  </subjects>
  <dates>
    <date dateType="Issued">2021-01-07</date>
  </dates>
  <language>en</language>
  <resourceType resourceTypeGeneral="JournalArticle"/>
  <alternateIdentifiers>
    <alternateIdentifier alternateIdentifierType="url">https://zenodo.org/record/4475515</alternateIdentifier>
  </alternateIdentifiers>
  <relatedIdentifiers>
    <relatedIdentifier relatedIdentifierType="DOI" relationType="IsIdenticalTo">10.1111/cobi.13692</relatedIdentifier>
  </relatedIdentifiers>
  <version>Accepted version - Not proofread or final edit</version>
  <rightsList>
    <rights rightsURI="https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/legalcode">Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International</rights>
    <rights rightsURI="info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess">Open Access</rights>
  </rightsList>
  <descriptions>
    <description descriptionType="Abstract">&lt;p&gt;Abstract&lt;/p&gt;

&lt;p&gt;Wet grassland wader populations in the United Kingdom have experienced severe declines over&lt;br&gt;
the last three decades. To help mitigate these declines, the Royal Society for the Protection of&lt;br&gt;
Birds (RSPB) has restored and managed lowland wet grassland nature reserves to benefit these&lt;br&gt;
and other species. However, the impact that these reserves have on bird population trends has&lt;br&gt;
not been experimentally evaluated, as appropriate control populations do not readily exist. In&lt;br&gt;
this study, we compare population trends from 1994 - 2018 for five bird species of conservation&lt;br&gt;
concern that breed on these nature reserves with counterfactual trends using matched breeding&lt;br&gt;
bird survey observations. Our results showed positive effects of conservation interventions for&lt;br&gt;
all four wader species that these reserves aim to benefit: Lapwing (Vanellus vanellus), Redshank&lt;br&gt;
(Tringa totanus), Curlew (Numenius arquata) and Snipe (Gallinago gallinago). There was no&lt;br&gt;
positive effect of conservation interventions on reserves for the passerine, Yellow Wagtail&lt;br&gt;
(Motacilla flava). We compared reserve trends with three different counterfactuals, based on&lt;br&gt;
different scenarios of how reserve populations could have developed in the absence of&lt;br&gt;
conservation, and found that reserve trends performed better regardless of the counterfactual&lt;br&gt;
used. Our approach using monitoring data to produce valid counterfactual controls is a broadly&lt;br&gt;
applicable method allowing large-scale evaluation of conservation impact.&lt;/p&gt;</description>
  </descriptions>
  <fundingReferences>
    <fundingReference>
      <funderName>European Commission</funderName>
      <funderIdentifier funderIdentifierType="Crossref Funder ID">10.13039/501100000780</funderIdentifier>
      <awardNumber awardURI="info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/EC/H2020/766417/">766417</awardNumber>
      <awardTitle>INternational training at the Science-Policy Interface for Researchers in Europe, for Nature</awardTitle>
    </fundingReference>
  </fundingReferences>
</resource>
13
18
views
downloads
Views 13
Downloads 18
Data volume 29.0 MB
Unique views 13
Unique downloads 18

Share

Cite as