Journal article Open Access

RESEARCH TO CONCLUDE THE PREVALENCE OF TINEA-UNGUIUM IN GLAUCOMA VICTIMS

Dr Amna Nazeer, Maryam Burhan, Dr Bilal Jawaid

Aim: To conclude the prevalence of tinea-unguium in mellitus and its relationship to age, gender, mellitus and control.

Place and Period: In the dermatology department of Sir Ganga Ram Hospital Lahore for one-year period from December 2018 to November 2019.

Victims and methods: This descriptive studies included 262 victims with type 2 mellitus. All victims were examined by a dermatologist, and victims with medical suspicions were referred for laboratory examination, i.e. smear and culture. Confirmed cases of tinea-unguium were treated with terbinafine 250 mg / day for four months. Victims were medically observed monthly and data were recorded. Direct smear and nail culture were taken at the end of the cure protocol.

Results: 262 glaucoma victims (123 men and 139 ladies) were examined. The mean age and period of mellitus was 59.13 ± 10.94 years and 7.23 ± 12.4 years, correspondingly. Nail fungus has been medically diagnosed in 18 victims (6.9%), and a culture studies was performed in only 10 victims (3.7%). 70.0% of cases of tinea-unguium are men, and 60.0% were over 60 years old. There was no significant relationship between the prevalence of tinea-unguium and the period of mellitus, but tinea-unguium is more common in victims with poor mellitus control.

Conclusion: The prevalence of tinea-unguium in victims with type-2 mellitus is 3.90% and is significantly related with poor mellitus control.

Key words: Mellitus, tinea-unguium.

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