Journal article Open Access

The Natura 2000 network and the ranges of threatened species in Greece

Spiliopoulou, Konstantina; Dimitrakopoulos, Panayiotis G.; Thomas M. Brooks; Gabriela Kelaidi; Kaloust Paragamian; Vassiliki Kati; Anthi Oikonomou; Dimitris Vavylis; Panayiotis Trigas; Petros Lymberakis; William Darwall; Maria Th. Stoumboudi; Kostas A. Triantis


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  <identifier identifierType="URL">https://zenodo.org/record/4436399</identifier>
  <creators>
    <creator>
      <creatorName>Spiliopoulou, Konstantina</creatorName>
      <givenName>Konstantina</givenName>
      <familyName>Spiliopoulou</familyName>
      <nameIdentifier nameIdentifierScheme="ORCID" schemeURI="http://orcid.org/">0000-0002-4636-4905</nameIdentifier>
      <affiliation>Hellenic Centre for Marine Research, Institute of Marine Biological Resources and Inland Waters, 19013 Anavissos, Greece</affiliation>
    </creator>
    <creator>
      <creatorName>Dimitrakopoulos, Panayiotis G.</creatorName>
      <givenName>Panayiotis G.</givenName>
      <familyName>Dimitrakopoulos</familyName>
      <nameIdentifier nameIdentifierScheme="ORCID" schemeURI="http://orcid.org/">0000-0002-8374-4392</nameIdentifier>
      <affiliation>Biodiversity Conservation Laboratory, Department of Environment, University of the Aegean, 81100 Mytilene, Greece</affiliation>
    </creator>
    <creator>
      <creatorName>Thomas M. Brooks</creatorName>
      <nameIdentifier nameIdentifierScheme="ORCID" schemeURI="http://orcid.org/">0000-0001-8159-3116</nameIdentifier>
      <affiliation>Science and Knowledge Unit, International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN), CH-1196 Gland, Switzerland</affiliation>
    </creator>
    <creator>
      <creatorName>Gabriela Kelaidi</creatorName>
      <affiliation>Department of Ecology and Taxonomy, Faculty of Biology, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, GR-15784 Athens, Greece</affiliation>
    </creator>
    <creator>
      <creatorName>Kaloust Paragamian</creatorName>
      <nameIdentifier nameIdentifierScheme="ORCID" schemeURI="http://orcid.org/">0000-0001-7372-733X</nameIdentifier>
      <affiliation>Hellenic Institute of Speleological Research, 714 09 Irakleio, Crete, Greece</affiliation>
    </creator>
    <creator>
      <creatorName>Vassiliki Kati</creatorName>
      <nameIdentifier nameIdentifierScheme="ORCID" schemeURI="http://orcid.org/">0000-0003-3357-4556</nameIdentifier>
      <affiliation>Department of Biological Applications and Technology, University of Ioannina, 45110 Ioannina, Greece</affiliation>
    </creator>
    <creator>
      <creatorName>Anthi Oikonomou</creatorName>
      <nameIdentifier nameIdentifierScheme="ORCID" schemeURI="http://orcid.org/">0000-0003-2537-8846</nameIdentifier>
      <affiliation>Hellenic Centre for Marine Research, Institute of Marine Biological Resources and Inland Waters, 19013 Anavissos, Greece</affiliation>
    </creator>
    <creator>
      <creatorName>Dimitris Vavylis</creatorName>
      <affiliation>Department of Ecology and Taxonomy, Faculty of Biology, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, GR-15784 Athens, Greece</affiliation>
    </creator>
    <creator>
      <creatorName>Panayiotis Trigas</creatorName>
      <nameIdentifier nameIdentifierScheme="ORCID" schemeURI="http://orcid.org/">0000-0001-9557-7723</nameIdentifier>
      <affiliation>Faculty of Crop Science, Agricultural University of Athens, GR-118 55 Athens, Greece</affiliation>
    </creator>
    <creator>
      <creatorName>Petros Lymberakis</creatorName>
      <nameIdentifier nameIdentifierScheme="ORCID" schemeURI="http://orcid.org/">0000-0002-5067-9600</nameIdentifier>
      <affiliation>Natural History Museum of Crete, University of Crete, 71409 Irakleio, Greece</affiliation>
    </creator>
    <creator>
      <creatorName>William Darwall</creatorName>
      <nameIdentifier nameIdentifierScheme="ORCID" schemeURI="http://orcid.org/">0000-0002-4589-5579</nameIdentifier>
      <affiliation>Freshwater Biodiversity Unit, IUCN Global Species Programme, The David Attenborough Building, CB2 3QZ UK Cambridge, United Kingdom</affiliation>
    </creator>
    <creator>
      <creatorName>Maria Th. Stoumboudi</creatorName>
      <affiliation>Hellenic Centre for Marine Research, Institute of Marine Biological Resources and Inland Waters, 19013 Anavissos, Greece</affiliation>
    </creator>
    <creator>
      <creatorName>Kostas A. Triantis</creatorName>
      <nameIdentifier nameIdentifierScheme="ORCID" schemeURI="http://orcid.org/">0000-0003-2737-8890</nameIdentifier>
      <affiliation>Department of Ecology and Taxonomy, Faculty of Biology, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, GR-15784 Athens, Greece</affiliation>
    </creator>
  </creators>
  <titles>
    <title>The Natura 2000 network and the ranges of threatened species in Greece</title>
  </titles>
  <publisher>Zenodo</publisher>
  <publicationYear>2021</publicationYear>
  <subjects>
    <subject>protected areas</subject>
    <subject>IUCN Red List</subject>
    <subject>Threatened Species</subject>
    <subject>Greece</subject>
    <subject>Natura 2000</subject>
  </subjects>
  <dates>
    <date dateType="Issued">2021-02-13</date>
  </dates>
  <language>en</language>
  <resourceType resourceTypeGeneral="JournalArticle"/>
  <alternateIdentifiers>
    <alternateIdentifier alternateIdentifierType="url">https://zenodo.org/record/4436399</alternateIdentifier>
  </alternateIdentifiers>
  <relatedIdentifiers>
    <relatedIdentifier relatedIdentifierType="DOI" relationType="IsIdenticalTo">10.1007/s10531-021-02125-7</relatedIdentifier>
  </relatedIdentifiers>
  <rightsList>
    <rights rightsURI="https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/legalcode">Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International</rights>
    <rights rightsURI="info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess">Open Access</rights>
  </rightsList>
  <descriptions>
    <description descriptionType="Abstract">&lt;p&gt;Global environmental goals mandate the expansion of the protected area network to halt biodiversity loss. The European Union&amp;rsquo;s Natura 2000 network covers 27.3% of the terrestrial area of Greece, one of the highest percentages in Europe. However, the extent to which this network protects Europe&amp;rsquo;s biodiversity, especially in a biodiverse country like Greece, is unknown. Here, we overlap the country&amp;rsquo;s Natura 2000 network with the ranges of the 424 species assessed as threatened on the IUCN Red List and present in Greece. Natura 2000 overlaps on average 47.6% of the mapped range of threatened species; this overlap far exceeds that expected by random networks (21.4%). Special Protection Areas and Special Areas of Conservation (non-exclusive subsets of Natura 2000 sites) overlap 33.4% and 38.1% respectively. Crete and Peloponnese are the two regions with the highest percentage of threatened species, with Natura 2000 sites overlapping on average 62.3% with the threatened species&amp;rsquo; ranges for the former, but only 30.6% for the latter. The Greek ranges of all 62 threatened species listed in Annexes 1 and II to the Birds and Habitats Directives are at least partially overlapped by the network (52.0%), and 18.0% of these are fully overlapped. However, the ranges of 27 threatened species, all of which are endemic to Greece, are not overlapped at all. These results can inform national policies for the protection of biodiversity beyond current Natura 2000 sites.&lt;/p&gt;</description>
  </descriptions>
  <fundingReferences>
    <fundingReference>
      <funderName>European Commission</funderName>
      <funderIdentifier funderIdentifierType="Crossref Funder ID">10.13039/501100000780</funderIdentifier>
      <awardNumber awardURI="info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/EC/H2020/766417/">766417</awardNumber>
      <awardTitle>INternational training at the Science-Policy Interface for Researchers in Europe, for Nature</awardTitle>
    </fundingReference>
  </fundingReferences>
</resource>
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