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D2.4 - Packed-bed reactor using amine-ionic liquid -immobilized CAs blends for optimal capture of CO2 from off gas

Antonopoulou, Io; Rova, Ulrika; Christakopoulos, Paul


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{
  "publisher": "Zenodo", 
  "DOI": "10.5281/zenodo.4420806", 
  "language": "eng", 
  "title": "D2.4 - Packed-bed reactor using amine-ionic liquid -immobilized CAs blends for optimal capture of CO2 from off gas", 
  "issued": {
    "date-parts": [
      [
        2020, 
        11, 
        25
      ]
    ]
  }, 
  "abstract": "<p>The goal of BioRECO2VER is to develop and validate the technical feasibility of more energy efficient and sustainable non-photosynthetic biotechnological processes for the capture and conversion of CO<sub>2</sub> from industrial point sources into valuable platform chemicals. One of the specific objectives of the project is the development and application of robust enzymes for CO<sub>2</sub> capture from industrial point sources and the improvement of a novel concept combining enzymatic absorption with ionic liquid-amine blends. It is aimed to achieve energy and cost reduction compared to the monoethanolamine (MEA)-based state-of-the-art technologies, increased resistance to major impurities and yield a concentrated gas stream of at least 95% CO<sub>2</sub>.<br>\nThe objective of D2.4 was to demonstrate the operation of a packed-bed reactor using amine-ionic liquid-immobilized CAs blends for optimal capture of CO<sub>2</sub> from off gas. Scaling up of the CO<sub>2</sub> capture process using a packed-bed reactor requires the exploitation of the research outcomes of the project regarding CA improvement and the solvent development. The combination of CA with an MDEA-ionic liquid mixture would result in a ternary solvent with exceptional absorption properties compared to standard MDEA solvents and reduced regeneration temperatures compared to MEA-based technologies. Integration of immobilized and/or improved CA proved not to be a viable option for scaling up the CO<sub>2</sub> capture. Nevertheless, integration of CA in free form with an amine-ionic liquid mixture for the CO<sub>2</sub> capture from off gas using a packed-bed reactor on an automated absorption and stripping pilot plant, resulted in several fold higher absorption rates and CO<sub>2</sub> recovery compared to aqueous solution of MDEA. CA-assisted CO<sub>2</sub> absorption resulted in higher initial absorption rates, reduced absorption times and overall 25% higher CO<sub>2</sub> recovery compared to absorption using only the ionic liquid-amine blend. This would improve the economics of CO<sub>2</sub> capture technologies by reducing operation times and energy consumption due to regeneration, yielding a pre-treated concentrated gas stream of at least 92% CO<sub>2</sub>. The set-up is now ready to perform real off gas pre-treatment for validation testing during the project.</p>", 
  "author": [
    {
      "family": "Antonopoulou, Io"
    }, 
    {
      "family": "Rova, Ulrika"
    }, 
    {
      "family": "Christakopoulos, Paul"
    }
  ], 
  "version": "V1", 
  "type": "report", 
  "id": "4420806"
}
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