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La diversité des abeilles parisiennes

Ropars, Lise; Dajoz, Isabelle; Geslin, Benoît


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{
  "inLanguage": {
    "alternateName": "fra", 
    "@type": "Language", 
    "name": "French"
  }, 
  "description": "<p>Malgr&eacute; les perturbations dues &agrave; l&rsquo;urbanisation grandissante, les villes abritent une biodiversit&eacute; non n&eacute;gligeable. Comme beaucoup d&rsquo;autres taxons, les abeilles sauvages peuvent &ecirc;tre relativement abondantes dans les zones urbaines du fait de certaines conditions favorables par rapport aux milieux agricoles (absence de pesticides, &icirc;lot de chaleur urbain, floraison toute l&rsquo;ann&eacute;e). Dans cette &eacute;tude, nous compilons nos travaux conjoints afin d&rsquo;enrichir la liste des esp&egrave;ces d&rsquo;abeilles parisiennes. Au total, le suivi de 4 ann&eacute;es (2011 puis 2014, 2015, 2016) a permis de recenser 87 esp&egrave;ces d&rsquo;abeilles &agrave; Paris intra-muros. L&rsquo;ajout en 2016 de la m&eacute;thode de capture avec des filets &agrave; papillon en plus de la m&eacute;thode passive avec coupelles color&eacute;es a permis de capturer 11 esp&egrave;ces suppl&eacute;mentaires. L&#39;assemblage, qui repr&eacute;sente &agrave; ce jour 8,8 % de la diversit&eacute; sp&eacute;cifique des abeilles sauvages de France m&eacute;tropolitaine, est cependant domin&eacute; par les Halictidae et ne compte que quelques esp&egrave;ces cleptoparasites, t&eacute;moignant d&#39;une communaut&eacute; appauvrie.</p>\n\n<p><strong>The diversity of Parisian bees.&nbsp;</strong> Despite the forever increasing urbanization, cities often shelter a significant biodiversity. As many other taxa, wild bees may find refuge in urban areas because of relative favorable conditions compared to intensive agricultural environments. In this study, we compiled our joint work to extend the list of Parisian bees. Over 4 years of monitoring (2011, 2014, 2015, 2016), we recorded 87 bee species in intra-muros Paris. In 2016 we added net captures to our sampling procedures with colored pan traps, which provided 11 additional species. The assemblage now represents 8.8 % of the French fauna of Apo&iuml;dae. However, this assemblage is mostly dominated by Halictidae and includes only few kleptoparasitic species highlighting an impoverished community.</p>", 
  "license": "https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/legalcode", 
  "creator": [
    {
      "affiliation": "University of Aix-Marseille, France", 
      "@id": "https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7621-2825", 
      "@type": "Person", 
      "name": "Ropars, Lise"
    }, 
    {
      "affiliation": "IEES Paris, France", 
      "@id": "https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0862-1517", 
      "@type": "Person", 
      "name": "Dajoz, Isabelle"
    }, 
    {
      "affiliation": "University of Aix-Marseille, France", 
      "@id": "https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2464-7998", 
      "@type": "Person", 
      "name": "Geslin, Beno\u00eet"
    }
  ], 
  "headline": "La diversit\u00e9 des abeilles parisiennes", 
  "image": "https://zenodo.org/static/img/logos/zenodo-gradient-round.svg", 
  "datePublished": "2018-07-01", 
  "url": "https://zenodo.org/record/4390855", 
  "keywords": [
    "abeilles sauvages", 
    "wild bees", 
    "Paris", 
    "\u00e9cologie urbaine", 
    "urban ecology"
  ], 
  "@context": "https://schema.org/", 
  "identifier": "https://doi.org/10.47446/OSMIA7.3", 
  "@id": "https://doi.org/10.47446/OSMIA7.3", 
  "@type": "ScholarlyArticle", 
  "name": "La diversit\u00e9 des abeilles parisiennes"
}
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