Journal article Open Access

Evaluation of the Potential of Agricultural Waste Recovery: Energy Densification as a Factor for Residual Biomass Logistics Optimization

Leonel J. R. Nunes; João C. O. Matias; Liliana M. E. F. Loureiro; Letícia C. R. Sá; Hugo F. C. Silva; Abel M. Rodrigues; Thomas P. Causer; David B. DeVallance; Daniel E. Ciolkosz


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{
  "description": "<p>The use of residual forms of biomass, resulting from processes of transformation of the agri-food and/or forest industries, presents itself as an alternative with high potential for energy recovery, given the existing availability, both from the perspective of quantities, but also from the perspective of geographic distribution. In this work, samples of four by-products originating from the agri-food industry were collected, namely coconut shells, sugarcane bagasse, cashew nutshells, and palm kernel shells, which were characterized in the laboratory by determining their Thermogravimetric and Elemental analysis, subsequently calculating the High Heating Value, Low Heating Value, Hardgrove Grindability Index, Mass Yield, Energy Yield, and Energy Densification Ratio. The values obtained show the potential to optimize logistical operations related to transportation, demonstrating that energy densification operations, especially if associated with physical densification processes, enable the use of these residual forms of biomass in the replacement of fossil fuels, such as coal.</p>", 
  "license": "https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/legalcode", 
  "creator": [
    {
      "affiliation": "PROMETHEUS, Unidade de Investiga\u00e7\u00e3o em Materiais, Energia e Ambiente Para a Sustentabilidade, Escola Superior Agr\u00e1ria, Instituto Polit\u00e9cnico de Viana do Castelo", 
      "@id": "https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5404-8163", 
      "@type": "Person", 
      "name": "Leonel J. R. Nunes"
    }, 
    {
      "affiliation": "GOVCOPP, Unidade de Investiga\u00e7\u00e3o em Governan\u00e7a, Competitividade e Pol\u00edticas P\u00fablicas, Universidade de Aveiro; DEGEIT, Departamento de Economia, Gest\u00e3o, Engenharia Industrial e Turismo, Universidade de Aveiro", 
      "@id": "https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4329-6246", 
      "@type": "Person", 
      "name": "Jo\u00e3o C. O. Matias"
    }, 
    {
      "affiliation": "YGE\u2014Yser Green Energy SA, \u00c1rea de Acolhimento Empresarial de \u00dal/Loureiro", 
      "@type": "Person", 
      "name": "Liliana M. E. F. Loureiro"
    }, 
    {
      "affiliation": "YGE\u2014Yser Green Energy SA, \u00c1rea de Acolhimento Empresarial de \u00dal/Loureiro", 
      "@type": "Person", 
      "name": "Let\u00edcia C. R. S\u00e1"
    }, 
    {
      "affiliation": "AFS\u2014Advanced Fuel Solutions SA, \u00c1rea de Acolhimento Empresarial de \u00dal/Loureiro", 
      "@type": "Person", 
      "name": "Hugo F. C. Silva"
    }, 
    {
      "affiliation": "INIAV\u2014Instituto Nacional de Investiga\u00e7\u00e3o Agr\u00edcola e Veterin\u00e1ria; MARETEC\u2014Marine, Environment & Technology Center, Sec\u00e7\u00e3o de Ambiente e Energia, Departamento de Engenharia Mec\u00e2nica, Instituto Superior T\u00e9cnico", 
      "@type": "Person", 
      "name": "Abel M. Rodrigues"
    }, 
    {
      "affiliation": "Advanced Torrefaction Systems LLC", 
      "@type": "Person", 
      "name": "Thomas P. Causer"
    }, 
    {
      "affiliation": "INNORENEW CoE\u2014Renewable Materials and Healthy Environments Research and Innovation Centre of Excellence; Univerza na Primorskem", 
      "@id": "https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1970-9442", 
      "@type": "Person", 
      "name": "David B. DeVallance"
    }, 
    {
      "affiliation": "The Pennsylvania State University, Department of Agricultural and Biological Engineering", 
      "@type": "Person", 
      "name": "Daniel E. Ciolkosz"
    }
  ], 
  "headline": "Evaluation of the Potential of Agricultural Waste Recovery: Energy Densification as a Factor for Residual Biomass Logistics Optimization", 
  "image": "https://zenodo.org/static/img/logos/zenodo-gradient-round.svg", 
  "datePublished": "2020-12-22", 
  "url": "https://zenodo.org/record/4389495", 
  "keywords": [
    "agriculture waste", 
    "thermochemical conversion processes", 
    "biomass energy", 
    "waste recovery"
  ], 
  "@context": "https://schema.org/", 
  "identifier": "https://doi.org/10.3390/app11010020", 
  "@id": "https://doi.org/10.3390/app11010020", 
  "@type": "ScholarlyArticle", 
  "name": "Evaluation of the Potential of Agricultural Waste Recovery: Energy Densification as a Factor for Residual Biomass Logistics Optimization"
}
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