Journal article Open Access

Evaluation of the Potential of Agricultural Waste Recovery: Energy Densification as a Factor for Residual Biomass Logistics Optimization

Leonel J. R. Nunes; João C. O. Matias; Liliana M. E. F. Loureiro; Letícia C. R. Sá; Hugo F. C. Silva; Abel M. Rodrigues; Thomas P. Causer; David B. DeVallance; Daniel E. Ciolkosz

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      <creatorName>Leonel J. R. Nunes</creatorName>
      <nameIdentifier nameIdentifierScheme="ORCID" schemeURI="">0000-0001-5404-8163</nameIdentifier>
      <affiliation>PROMETHEUS, Unidade de Investigação em Materiais, Energia e Ambiente Para a Sustentabilidade, Escola Superior Agrária, Instituto Politécnico de Viana do Castelo</affiliation>
      <creatorName>João C. O. Matias</creatorName>
      <nameIdentifier nameIdentifierScheme="ORCID" schemeURI="">0000-0003-4329-6246</nameIdentifier>
      <affiliation>GOVCOPP, Unidade de Investigação em Governança, Competitividade e Políticas Públicas, Universidade de Aveiro; DEGEIT, Departamento de Economia, Gestão, Engenharia Industrial e Turismo, Universidade de Aveiro</affiliation>
      <creatorName>Liliana M. E. F. Loureiro</creatorName>
      <affiliation>YGE—Yser Green Energy SA, Área de Acolhimento Empresarial de Úl/Loureiro</affiliation>
      <creatorName>Letícia C. R. Sá</creatorName>
      <affiliation>YGE—Yser Green Energy SA, Área de Acolhimento Empresarial de Úl/Loureiro</affiliation>
      <creatorName>Hugo F. C. Silva</creatorName>
      <affiliation>AFS—Advanced Fuel Solutions SA, Área de Acolhimento Empresarial de Úl/Loureiro</affiliation>
      <creatorName>Abel M. Rodrigues</creatorName>
      <affiliation>INIAV—Instituto Nacional de Investigação Agrícola e Veterinária; MARETEC—Marine, Environment &amp; Technology Center, Secção de Ambiente e Energia, Departamento de Engenharia Mecânica, Instituto Superior Técnico</affiliation>
      <creatorName>Thomas P. Causer</creatorName>
      <affiliation>Advanced Torrefaction Systems LLC</affiliation>
      <creatorName>David B. DeVallance</creatorName>
      <nameIdentifier nameIdentifierScheme="ORCID" schemeURI="">0000-0003-1970-9442</nameIdentifier>
      <affiliation>INNORENEW CoE—Renewable Materials and Healthy Environments Research and Innovation Centre of Excellence; Univerza na Primorskem</affiliation>
      <creatorName>Daniel E. Ciolkosz</creatorName>
      <affiliation>The Pennsylvania State University, Department of Agricultural and Biological Engineering</affiliation>
    <title>Evaluation of the Potential of Agricultural Waste Recovery: Energy Densification as a Factor for Residual Biomass Logistics Optimization</title>
    <subject>agriculture waste</subject>
    <subject>thermochemical conversion processes</subject>
    <subject>biomass energy</subject>
    <subject>waste recovery</subject>
    <date dateType="Issued">2020-12-22</date>
  <resourceType resourceTypeGeneral="JournalArticle"/>
    <alternateIdentifier alternateIdentifierType="issn">2076-3417</alternateIdentifier>
    <alternateIdentifier alternateIdentifierType="url"></alternateIdentifier>
    <relatedIdentifier relatedIdentifierType="DOI" relationType="IsIdenticalTo">10.3390/app11010020</relatedIdentifier>
    <relatedIdentifier relatedIdentifierType="URL" relationType="IsPartOf"></relatedIdentifier>
    <rights rightsURI="">Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International</rights>
    <rights rightsURI="info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess">Open Access</rights>
    <description descriptionType="Abstract">&lt;p&gt;The use of residual forms of biomass, resulting from processes of transformation of the agri-food and/or forest industries, presents itself as an alternative with high potential for energy recovery, given the existing availability, both from the perspective of quantities, but also from the perspective of geographic distribution. In this work, samples of four by-products originating from the agri-food industry were collected, namely coconut shells, sugarcane bagasse, cashew nutshells, and palm kernel shells, which were characterized in the laboratory by determining their Thermogravimetric and Elemental analysis, subsequently calculating the High Heating Value, Low Heating Value, Hardgrove Grindability Index, Mass Yield, Energy Yield, and Energy Densification Ratio. The values obtained show the potential to optimize logistical operations related to transportation, demonstrating that energy densification operations, especially if associated with physical densification processes, enable the use of these residual forms of biomass in the replacement of fossil fuels, such as coal.&lt;/p&gt;</description>
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