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Chalara – lessons learned

Jones, Glyn; Agstner, Barbara; Stokes, John; Douglas, Gerry C.; Nolan, Sheila; Pfister, Scott; Montecchio, Lucio; Linaldeddu, Benedetto; Hietala, Ari M.; Drenkhan, Rein; Vasaitis, Rimyys; Douanla-Meli, Clovis; Enderle, Rasmus; Burokienė, Daiva; Bokuma, Gunita


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    "description": "<p>Ash dieback has become a continent-wide problem in a relatively short period of time which has generated a significant amount of research within and across countries.&nbsp; To consider what lessons have been learned, this project convened a workshop of researchers and government and non-governmental representatives from 10 EU countries to describe the impact of the disease, research undertaken and underway, and management responses.&nbsp; From the workshop and following work, it was identified that whilst there was much ongoing research which had the potential to deliver long term benefits, a lack of immediately useable information for land managers risks ash being lost from the landscape before long-term research outputs are available for use.&nbsp; The Awareness, Planning, Action and Recovery framework developed with Defra funding (and subsequently published, Stokes and Jones, 2019) was used to explore this issue.</p>\n\n<p>Given the research backgrounds of the attendees there was a strong emphasis on the search for resistant or tolerant species.&nbsp; This line of research, by its nature, is uncertain and long term.&nbsp; There appeared to be a number of potential interesting options but none of them were particularly close to offering a solution to the large-scale loss of ash from the landscape.&nbsp; Outputs of resistance/tolerance research (resistant/tolerant ash) will most likely be available after then period of high impact and mortality of ash dieback has passed.&nbsp; As such, this research may be more pertinent to the post invasion stage of Ash dieback.&nbsp; Land managers may demonstrate low acceptance/uptake of resistant/tolerant ash if they are unsupported during the high mortality phase of ash dieback.&nbsp; In the short term, adopting planting strategies to maintain/increase high genetic diversity may offer more immediate solutions for land managers and may also have a positive effect across multiple threats.&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>Research into more immediate response options (e.g. silviculture) were mentioned.&nbsp; However, there was limited discussion of how the outputs of this research have been, or should be, translated practical/usable solutions for those responsible for management at a local level.&nbsp; The creation of a toolkit for local authority managers in the UK was an example of an attempt to achieve this.&nbsp; The creation of a toolkit reflected the need to get information to those who have to manage the impacts of the disease whilst the longer-term research is ongoing.</p>\n\n<p>The time for different strands of research to provide useable outputs to land managers emerged as a key theme.&nbsp; It has been documented that responses in plant health can lag outbreaks (Ward, 2016), resulting in missed opportunities to limit the total impact of an outbreak.&nbsp; This problem can be understood by considering the behaviour of local managers.&nbsp; The Awareness, Planning, Action and Recovery framework sets out four phases which local managers need to oversee for a successful outcome. The research described at the workshop was more focussed upon the latter phases of action and recovery.&nbsp; Overlooking the earlier phases risks local managers being unsupported during the early period of an outbreak and risks slow uptake of the outputs of long term research.&nbsp; This situation may be worsened where local managers have had a poor, unsupported experience of managing ash which results in a reluctance to plant resistant/tolerant material.</p>\n\n<p>Two options are to address this issue are: 1) to provide local managers with more immediate solutions and engagement; and 2) to take a pre-emptive approach to long term research, beginning before the threat arrives (as per New Zealand&rsquo;s pre-emptive licensing of biological control agents for brown marmorated stink bug).</p>", 
    "language": "eng", 
    "title": "Chalara \u2013 lessons learned", 
    "license": {
      "id": "CC-BY-4.0"
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    "notes": "Report of the Euphresco project 2016-C-227 'Chalara \u2013 lessons learned'", 
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    "keywords": [
      "Euphresco, plant health, preparedness, knowledge exchange, impact, containment, eradication"
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    "publication_date": "2020-12-18", 
    "creators": [
      {
        "affiliation": "Fera Science Ltd (Fera), Sand Hutton, United Kingdom", 
        "name": "Jones, Glyn"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": "Fera Science Ltd (Fera), Sand Hutton, United Kingdom", 
        "name": "Agstner, Barbara"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": "Fera Science Ltd (Fera), Sand Hutton, United Kingdom", 
        "name": "Stokes, John"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": "Teagasc Agriculture and Food Development Authority (TEAGASC),  Dublin, Ireland", 
        "name": "Douglas, Gerry C."
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": "Department of Agriculture and Food (DAFM), Backweston, Ireland", 
        "name": "Nolan, Sheila"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": "USDA APHIS Plant Protection & Quarantine (APHIS-USDA), Buzzards Bay, United States of America", 
        "name": "Pfister, Scott"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": "University of Padova (UNIPD), Legnaro, Italy", 
        "name": "Montecchio, Lucio"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": "University of Padova (UNIPD), Legnaro, Italy", 
        "name": "Linaldeddu, Benedetto"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": "Norwegian Institute of Bioeconomy Research (NIBIO), As, Norway", 
        "name": "Hietala, Ari M."
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": "Estonian University of Life Sciences (EMU), Tartu, Estonia", 
        "name": "Drenkhan, Rein"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": "Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences (SLU), Uppsala, Sweden", 
        "name": "Vasaitis, Rimyys"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": "Julius K\u00fchn Institut (JKI), Braunschweig, Germany", 
        "name": "Douanla-Meli, Clovis"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": "Julius K\u00fchn Institut (JKI), Braunschweig, Germany", 
        "name": "Enderle, Rasmus"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": "Nature Research Centre (NRC), Vilnius, Lithuania", 
        "name": "Burokien\u0117, Daiva"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": "State Plant Protection Service (VAAD), Riga, Latvia", 
        "name": "Bokuma, Gunita"
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