Figure Open Access

Biodiversity Hotspots Map (no text)

Kellee Koenig


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    <subfield code="a">&lt;p&gt;This map displays the global &lt;a href="https://zenodo.org/record/3261807#.X8_HgNhKg2x"&gt;Biodiversity Hotspots 2016.1 dataset&lt;/a&gt;. The colors assigned to the hotspots are only used to distinguish adjacent hotspots and have no other meaning. The biodiversity hotspots represent terrestrial biodiversity only. The offshore lines are a cartographic device to group and highlight islands that are part of the same hotspots (e.g. Polynesia-Micronesia, Indo-Burma).&amp;nbsp;The background image is from Natural Earth. This version is without labels; a version with the hotspots labelled in English is available:&amp;nbsp;10.5281/zenodo.4311850&lt;/p&gt;

&lt;p&gt;There are currently&amp;nbsp;&lt;a href="https://www.cepf.net/node/1996"&gt;36 recognized biodiversity hotspots&lt;/a&gt;. These are Earth&amp;rsquo;s most biologically rich&amp;mdash;yet threatened&amp;mdash;terrestrial regions.&lt;/p&gt;

&lt;p&gt;To qualify as a biodiversity hotspot, an area must meet two strict criteria:&lt;/p&gt;

&lt;ul&gt;
	&lt;li&gt;Contain at least 1,500 species of vascular plants found nowhere else on Earth (known as &amp;quot;endemic&amp;quot; species).&lt;/li&gt;
	&lt;li&gt;Have lost at least 70 percent of its primary&amp;nbsp;native vegetation.&lt;/li&gt;
&lt;/ul&gt;

&lt;p&gt;Many of the biodiversity hotspots exceed the two criteria. For example, both the Sundaland Hotspot in Southeast Asia and the Tropical Andes Hotspot in South America have about&amp;nbsp;&lt;strong&gt;15,000&lt;/strong&gt;&amp;nbsp;endemic plant species. The loss of vegetation in some hotspots has reached a startling&amp;nbsp;&lt;strong&gt;95&lt;/strong&gt;&amp;nbsp;percent.&lt;/p&gt;</subfield>
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