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RISIS policymakers sessions: Large firms' inventions call for strategic innovation policies

Laurens, Patricia; Schoen, Antoine; Laredo, Philippe; Paunov, Caroline; Moncada-Paternò-Castello, Pietro


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    <subfield code="a">Based on Policy Brief, Issue 6/International patents: the role of large multinational firms in building competitive metropolitan areas https://zenodo.org/record/4301797/files/Policy%20Brief%20Issue%206_2020%20light.pdf?download=1</subfield>
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    <subfield code="a">&lt;p&gt;The 6th RISIS Policymakers Session was organized on the 3rd December &amp;nbsp;with a presentation of Patricia Laurens, Antoine Schoen and Philippe Lar&amp;eacute;do (LISIS, Universit&amp;eacute; Gustave Eiffel), entitled&amp;nbsp;&lt;strong&gt;International patents: the role of world largest firms in building competitive metropolitan areas&lt;/strong&gt; aiming to explore the universe of international patents and the &lt;strong&gt;role of multinational firms&lt;/strong&gt; in shaping the &lt;strong&gt;dynamics of knowledge production&lt;/strong&gt; worldwide. The study conducted by LISIS Universit&amp;eacute; Gustave Eiffel shows how large firms play a critical role in knowledge production, representing 80% of worldwide international inventive activities. This main role has increased over the last decade. Moreover, though the spread of activities of large multinational firms has significantly grown in one decade and though&lt;strong&gt; LMF is present in 60% of inventive metropolitan areas&lt;/strong&gt;, the 100 top metropolitan areas worldwide concentrate 70% of large multinational firms&amp;rsquo; international patents.&lt;/p&gt;

&lt;p&gt;The analyses have been conducted using in an integrated way the three major resources developed within&amp;nbsp;&lt;strong&gt;RISIS&lt;/strong&gt;:&amp;nbsp;&lt;a href="https://rcf.risis2.eu/dataset/2/metadata"&gt;CIB2 dataset&lt;/a&gt;&amp;nbsp;on large firms,&amp;nbsp;&lt;a href="https://rcf.risis2.eu/dataset/5/metadata"&gt;RISIS patent&lt;/a&gt;&amp;nbsp;database on patents, and &lt;a href="https://zenodo.org/record/3665291#.X89aKNhKg2w"&gt;CORTEXT&lt;/a&gt; geolocation on metropolitan areas.&lt;/p&gt;

&lt;p&gt;&lt;strong&gt;Caroline Paunov (OECD) &lt;/strong&gt;adding her contribution as discussant in her presentation The role of large MNCS in building competitive metropolitan areas: comments expressed her interest in the very valuable RISIS datasets used by LISIS Universit&amp;eacute; Eiffel for the study, including rich data from patents that are granular with location information of inventors. She underlined how &lt;strong&gt;digital technology patents are more concentrated geographically&lt;/strong&gt; than other tech fields, and how this sector necessarily is called to change a lot living the impact of COVID-19 with the massive use of working from home.&lt;/p&gt;

&lt;p&gt;&lt;strong&gt;Pietro Moncada-Patern&amp;ograve;-Castello (Joint Research Centre, EC)&lt;/strong&gt; participating as discussant with his valuable contribution Speaking notes: some thoughts referring mainly to the policy implications appreciated the study conducted by the LISIS Universit&amp;eacute; Eiffel based on very interesting data and analyses. Acknowledging the &lt;strong&gt;role of multinational firms in creating innovation&lt;/strong&gt;, he described also the important &lt;strong&gt;role of start-up and small firms&lt;/strong&gt; in the new technology sector. For this reason, in his view it is important to promote policies which ensure the good combination of innovative large and small, multinational and national companies - and possibly their fair collaboration &amp;ndash; as keys factors for a more dynamic innovative &amp;amp; sustainable industrial sector in the EU.&lt;/p&gt;</subfield>
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