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Conflicting Conceptualisations of Europeanisation – Sweden Country Report

Borevi, Karin; Petrogiannis, Vasileios

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    <subfield code="a">&lt;p&gt;This report explores how recent processes of immigration have changed discourses about&amp;nbsp;Europe and migration in Swedish political speeches and newspaper editorials 2011-2018.&amp;nbsp;In the period up to September 2015, political speeches and editorials reflected a dominant&amp;nbsp;humanitarian discourse and Sweden was expected to strive for a better and more coordinated&amp;nbsp;EU policy approach in relation to refugees. The prevailing image was of Sweden as a&amp;nbsp;forerunner and role model for other EU member states. The right-wing populist party the&amp;nbsp;Sweden Democrats (SD) represented a counter-discourse, instead emphasizing as a main&amp;nbsp;problem that Sweden diverged from other European countries in maintaining a more generous&amp;nbsp;approach towards migration. &amp;nbsp;In Sweden, liberal ideas and rhetoric about Europe dominate the political discourse.&amp;nbsp;Political speeches analysed in this report reflect images of Europe as an &amp;ldquo;open society&amp;rdquo;; the&amp;nbsp;aim being to incorporate diversity in the European project along with the fundamental approval&amp;nbsp;of human rights based on the liberal platform of respect of individual dignity. The material&amp;nbsp;analyzed in this report gives relatively few examples of framings characteristic of conservative&amp;nbsp;ideas of Europe. One reason for this may be that, given the dominance of the liberal discourse,&amp;nbsp;even right-wing populist party representatives (Sweden Democrats, SD) tend to frame their&amp;nbsp;messages and proposals in a liberalist language. There are however recurrent examples of&amp;nbsp;arguments and framings &amp;ndash; used by SD as well as other political parties &amp;ndash; focusing on the&amp;nbsp;alleged threat that external migration represents, to Sweden and/or to Europe, and there is an&amp;nbsp;indication of an increase in this type of frame in the second part of the studied period (2015-2018).&lt;/p&gt;</subfield>
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