Dataset Open Access

Radio-Frequency Control and Video Signal Recordings of Drones

Miika Vuorenmaa; Jaakko Marin; Mikko Heino; Matias Turunen; Taneli Riihonen


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  <identifier identifierType="DOI">10.5281/zenodo.4264467</identifier>
  <creators>
    <creator>
      <creatorName>Miika Vuorenmaa</creatorName>
      <affiliation>Tampere University</affiliation>
    </creator>
    <creator>
      <creatorName>Jaakko Marin</creatorName>
      <affiliation>Tampere University</affiliation>
    </creator>
    <creator>
      <creatorName>Mikko Heino</creatorName>
      <nameIdentifier nameIdentifierScheme="ORCID" schemeURI="http://orcid.org/">0000-0003-3637-3477</nameIdentifier>
      <affiliation>Tampere University</affiliation>
    </creator>
    <creator>
      <creatorName>Matias Turunen</creatorName>
      <nameIdentifier nameIdentifierScheme="ORCID" schemeURI="http://orcid.org/">0000-0002-1037-2882</nameIdentifier>
      <affiliation>Tampere University</affiliation>
    </creator>
    <creator>
      <creatorName>Taneli Riihonen</creatorName>
      <nameIdentifier nameIdentifierScheme="ORCID" schemeURI="http://orcid.org/">0000-0001-5416-5263</nameIdentifier>
      <affiliation>Tampere University</affiliation>
    </creator>
  </creators>
  <titles>
    <title>Radio-Frequency Control and Video Signal Recordings of Drones</title>
  </titles>
  <publisher>Zenodo</publisher>
  <publicationYear>2020</publicationYear>
  <subjects>
    <subject>Drone</subject>
    <subject>UAV</subject>
    <subject>Unmanned Aerial Vehicle</subject>
    <subject>Multicopter</subject>
    <subject>Radio Control</subject>
    <subject>Video Link</subject>
    <subject>Radio Frequency</subject>
    <subject>Communications</subject>
  </subjects>
  <dates>
    <date dateType="Issued">2020-11-05</date>
  </dates>
  <language>en</language>
  <resourceType resourceTypeGeneral="Dataset"/>
  <alternateIdentifiers>
    <alternateIdentifier alternateIdentifierType="url">https://zenodo.org/record/4264467</alternateIdentifier>
  </alternateIdentifiers>
  <relatedIdentifiers>
    <relatedIdentifier relatedIdentifierType="DOI" relationType="IsVersionOf">10.5281/zenodo.4246392</relatedIdentifier>
    <relatedIdentifier relatedIdentifierType="URL" relationType="IsPartOf">https://zenodo.org/communities/tau_wireless</relatedIdentifier>
  </relatedIdentifiers>
  <version>1.0.1</version>
  <rightsList>
    <rights rightsURI="https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/legalcode">Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International</rights>
    <rights rightsURI="info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess">Open Access</rights>
  </rightsList>
  <descriptions>
    <description descriptionType="Abstract">&lt;p&gt;This database contains&amp;nbsp;&lt;a href="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/In-phase_and_quadrature_components"&gt;IQ-baseband&lt;/a&gt; recordings of&amp;nbsp;10&amp;nbsp;consumer/prosumer&amp;nbsp;drones&amp;rsquo; radio-control and video signals&amp;nbsp;in an interleaved&amp;nbsp;(I1 Q1 I2 Q2 I3 Q3 ...)&amp;nbsp;16-bit&amp;nbsp;signed&amp;nbsp;integer, little-endian,&amp;nbsp;format. The drones were recorded at 2.44&amp;nbsp;GHz and 5.8 GHz center frequencies&amp;nbsp;(with the exception of&amp;nbsp;Yuneec Typhoon&amp;nbsp;H at&amp;nbsp;5.7 GHz)&amp;nbsp;if the drone supported both.&amp;nbsp;In the dataset,&amp;nbsp;these center frequencies were denoted with 2G and 5G in the filename, respectively.&amp;nbsp;The sampling frequency&amp;nbsp;was 120 MHz at 2.44&amp;nbsp;GHz and 200 MHz at 5.8 GHz. The recording length&amp;nbsp;at&amp;nbsp;2.44 GHz&amp;nbsp;was 120e6&amp;nbsp;samples, which corresponds to a recording period of 1 s&amp;nbsp;and 100e6&amp;nbsp;samples&amp;nbsp;at&amp;nbsp;5.8 GHz, which corresponds to&amp;nbsp;a&amp;nbsp;recording&amp;nbsp;period of&amp;nbsp;0.5 s.&amp;nbsp;&lt;/p&gt;

&lt;p&gt;The measurements were conducted in the isolated anechoic chamber of&amp;nbsp;Tampere University, where the drones were on a&amp;nbsp;turntable. The controller was next to the drone, and the&amp;nbsp;measurement&amp;nbsp;antenna was at the opposite side of the chamber.&amp;nbsp;The&amp;nbsp;published data are&amp;nbsp;chosen in a way that a&amp;nbsp;complete&amp;nbsp;hopping sequence of the control signal is&amp;nbsp;captured&amp;nbsp;in&amp;nbsp;each&amp;nbsp;single&amp;nbsp;recording,&amp;nbsp;if possible. There were a few drones,&amp;nbsp;for which&amp;nbsp;two&amp;nbsp;separate recordings were provided;&amp;nbsp;these recordings are not consecutive, but it should be possible to combine them to extract the hopping sequence. Some drones also did not have a discernible pattern, or it was too long for our recording&amp;nbsp;period.&amp;nbsp;&amp;nbsp;&lt;/p&gt;

&lt;p&gt;The recordings of the Parrot Mambo&amp;nbsp;are&amp;nbsp;separated into two files, since it was not possible to record a clean signal with simultaneously active video and control links.&amp;nbsp;&lt;/p&gt;

&lt;p&gt;The following drone models are included in the&amp;nbsp;first version of the&amp;nbsp;database:&amp;nbsp;&lt;/p&gt;

&lt;ul&gt;
	&lt;li&gt;DJI Inspire 2&amp;nbsp;(2.44&amp;nbsp;and 5.8 GHz)&amp;nbsp;&lt;/li&gt;
	&lt;li&gt;DJI&amp;nbsp;Matrice&amp;nbsp;100&amp;nbsp;(2.44&amp;nbsp;GHz)&amp;nbsp;&lt;/li&gt;
	&lt;li&gt;DJI&amp;nbsp;Matrice&amp;nbsp;210&amp;nbsp;(2.44&amp;nbsp;and 5.8 GHz)&amp;nbsp;&lt;/li&gt;
	&lt;li&gt;DJI Mavic Mini&amp;nbsp;(2.44&amp;nbsp;GHz)&amp;nbsp;&lt;/li&gt;
	&lt;li&gt;DJI Mavic Pro&amp;nbsp;(2.44&amp;nbsp;GHz)&amp;nbsp;&lt;/li&gt;
	&lt;li&gt;DJI Phantom 4&amp;nbsp;(2.44&amp;nbsp;GHz)&amp;nbsp;&lt;/li&gt;
	&lt;li&gt;DJI Phantom 4 Pro&amp;nbsp;Plus&amp;nbsp;(2.44&amp;nbsp;and 5.8 GHz)&amp;nbsp;&lt;/li&gt;
	&lt;li&gt;Parrot&amp;nbsp;Disco&amp;nbsp;(2.44&amp;nbsp;GHz)&amp;nbsp;&lt;/li&gt;
	&lt;li&gt;Parrot&amp;nbsp;Mambo&amp;nbsp;(2.44&amp;nbsp;GHz)&amp;nbsp;&lt;/li&gt;
	&lt;li&gt;Yuneec Typhoon&amp;nbsp;H&amp;nbsp;(2.44&amp;nbsp;and 5.7&amp;nbsp;GHz)&amp;nbsp;&lt;/li&gt;
&lt;/ul&gt;

&lt;p&gt;For further information contact Jaakko Marin.&lt;/p&gt;</description>
  </descriptions>
</resource>
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