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The Facilitator's Catechism

Richard J. Cordes; Daniel Ari Friedman

This paper discusses the origins and evolution of Operations Orders from antiquity to modern times and the impact of Operations Orders on organizational sensemaking. Perspectives from research on Complexity Science, Organizational Psychology, High Reliability Organizations, Memetics, Logistics, Knowledge Management Systems, and Active Inference are used to consider the historical, contemporary, and future requirements and constraints of Operations Orders. Examples of traditional military Operations Orders and their civilian counterparts are detailed in context with their respective environments and requirements. Key characteristics of survivability, contemporary and future requirements, and current limitations of extant Operations Orders are addressed in order to inform the proposal of a new Operations Order format for use by Process Facilitators of military, intelligence, and civilian teams: the “Facilitator’s Catechism”.

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