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Improving the Ecological Performance of Miscanthus (Miscanthus giantess Greef et Deuter) through intercropping with Woad (Isatis tinctorial L.) and Yellow Mellow (Melilotus ocinalis L.)

von Cossel, M.; Iqbal, Y.; Lewandowski, I.


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    "doi": "10.3390/agriculture9090194", 
    "version": "V1", 
    "language": "eng", 
    "title": "Improving the Ecological Performance of Miscanthus (Miscanthus giantess Greef et Deuter) through intercropping with Woad (Isatis tinctorial L.) and Yellow Mellow (Melilotus ocinalis L.)", 
    "license": {
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    "journal": {
      "volume": "2019", 
      "issue": "9", 
      "pages": "194", 
      "title": "Ariculture"
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        "title": "Marginal lands for Growing Industrial Crops: Turning a burden into an opportunity", 
        "acronym": "MAGIC", 
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    "keywords": [
      "Bioeconomy", 
      "biodiversity", 
      "bioenergy cropping system", 
      "biomass production", 
      "diversification", 
      "legume", 
      "perennial crop", 
      "wild plant"
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    "publication_date": "2019-09-19", 
    "creators": [
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        "orcid": "0000-0002-1132-3281", 
        "name": "von Cossel, M."
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        "orcid": "0000-0003-1253-204X", 
        "name": "Iqbal, Y."
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        "name": "Lewandowski, I."
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    "description": "<p>Miscanthus is a promising high-yielding and low-input perennial biomass crop. However, as miscanthus does not produce nectar, it provides less support for pollinators than&nbsp;other perennial biomass crops, such as cup plant, Virginia mallow, or wild plant mixtures. This study&nbsp;discusses whether miscanthus could be intercropped with flower-rich biennial wild plants to further&nbsp;enhance its ecological functioning. In 2017, a demonstration plot was established in southwest&nbsp;Germany with two miscanthus intercropping regimes: woad (WAM) and yellow melilot (YAM).&nbsp;Both woad and melilot reached full bloom in 2018, the second year of cultivation. The flowering period&nbsp;of woad started and ended earlier than that of melilot. Woad remained harvestable until spring 2019,&nbsp;whereas the aboveground melilot was destroyed by brown hare in autumn 2018. However, the shed&nbsp;seeds of melilot reemerged homogeneously in 2019. The miscanthus developed better in YAM than&nbsp;WAM. This was most likely due to (i) stronger competition for water, nutrients, and light inWAM and&nbsp;(ii) nitrogen fixation advantage in melilot. These results indicate that the ecological performance of&nbsp;miscanthus&nbsp;could be improved by intercropping with melilot. Thus, we propose to further investigate&nbsp;the effect of intercropping on both the productivity and quality of miscanthus biomass.</p>\n\n<p>&nbsp;</p>"
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