Journal article Open Access

Methane Yield Potential of Miscanthus (Miscanthus (Greef et Deuter)) Established under Maize (Zea mays L.)

M. von Cossel; A. Mangold; Y. Iqbal; I. Lewandowski


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    <subfield code="a">&lt;p&gt;This study reports on the effects of two rhizome-based establishment procedures &amp;lsquo;miscanthus under maize&amp;rsquo; (MUM) and &amp;lsquo;reference&amp;rsquo; (REF) on the methane yield per hectare (MYH) of miscanthus in a field trial in southwest Germany. The dry matter yield (DMY) of aboveground biomass was determined each year in autumn over four years (2016&amp;ndash;2019). A biogas batch experiment and a fiber analysis were conducted using plant samples from 2016&amp;ndash;2018. Overall, MUM outperformed REF due to a high MYH of maize in 2016 (7211 m3&amp;nbsp;N CH4 ha&lt;sup&gt;-1&lt;/sup&gt;). The MYH of miscanthus in MUM was significantly lower compared to REF in 2016 and 2017 due to a lower DMY. Earlier maturation of miscanthus in MUM caused higher ash and lignin contents compared with REF. However, the mean substrate-specific methane yield of miscanthus was similar across the treatments (281.2 and 276.2 lN kg&lt;sup&gt;-1&lt;/sup&gt; volatile solid&lt;sup&gt;-1&lt;/sup&gt;). Non-significant diferences in MYH 2018 (1624 and 1957 m3 N CH4 ha&lt;sup&gt;-1&lt;/sup&gt;) and in DMY 2019 (15.6 and 21.7 Mg ha&lt;sup&gt;-1&lt;/sup&gt;) between MUM and REF indicate, that MUM recovered from biotic and abiotic stress during 2016. Consequently, MUM could be a promising approach to close themethane yield gap of miscanthus cultivation in the first year of establishment.&lt;/p&gt;</subfield>
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