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Working paper Closed Access

# Unusual Features of the SARS-CoV-2 Genome Suggesting Sophisticated Laboratory Modification Rather Than Natural Evolution and Delineation of Its Probable Synthetic Route

Yan, Li-Meng; Kang, Shu; Hu, Shanchang

### DataCite XML Export

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<identifier identifierType="DOI">10.5281/zenodo.4028830</identifier>
<creators>
<creator>
<creatorName>Yan, Li-Meng</creatorName>
<givenName>Li-Meng</givenName>
<familyName>Yan</familyName>
<affiliation>Yan Research – An Independent Research Team</affiliation>
</creator>
<creator>
<creatorName>Kang, Shu</creatorName>
<givenName>Shu</givenName>
<familyName>Kang</familyName>
<affiliation>Yan Research – An Independent Research Team</affiliation>
</creator>
<creator>
<creatorName>Hu, Shanchang</creatorName>
<givenName>Shanchang</givenName>
<familyName>Hu</familyName>
<affiliation>Yan Research – An Independent Research Team</affiliation>
</creator>
</creators>
<titles>
<title>Unusual Features of the SARS-CoV-2 Genome Suggesting Sophisticated Laboratory Modification Rather Than Natural Evolution and Delineation of Its Probable Synthetic Route</title>
</titles>
<publisher>Zenodo</publisher>
<publicationYear>2020</publicationYear>
<dates>
<date dateType="Issued">2020-09-14</date>
</dates>
<resourceType resourceTypeGeneral="Text">Working paper</resourceType>
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<alternateIdentifier alternateIdentifierType="url">https://zenodo.org/record/4028830</alternateIdentifier>
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<relatedIdentifier relatedIdentifierType="DOI" relationType="IsVersionOf">10.5281/zenodo.4028829</relatedIdentifier>
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<rights rightsURI="info:eu-repo/semantics/closedAccess">Closed Access</rights>
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<descriptions>
<description descriptionType="Abstract">&lt;p&gt;The COVID-19 pandemic caused by the novel coronavirus SARS-CoV-2 has led to over 910,000 deaths worldwide and unprecedented decimation of the global economy. Despite its tremendous impact, the origin of SARS-CoV-2 has remained mysterious and controversial. The natural origin theory, although widely accepted, lacks substantial support. The alternative theory that the virus may have come from a research laboratory is, however, strictly censored on peer-reviewed scientific journals. Nonetheless, SARS-CoV-2 shows biological characteristics that are inconsistent with a naturally occurring, zoonotic virus. In this report, we describe the genomic, structural, medical, and literature evidence, which, when considered together, strongly contradicts the natural origin theory. The evidence shows that SARS-CoV-2 should be a laboratory product created by using bat coronaviruses ZC45 and/or ZXC21 as a template and/or backbone. Building upon the evidence, we further postulate a synthetic route for SARS-CoV-2, demonstrating that the laboratory-creation of this coronavirus is convenient and can be accomplished in approximately six months. Our work emphasizes the need for an independent investigation into the relevant research laboratories. It also argues for a critical look into certain recently published data, which, albeit problematic, was used to support and claim a natural origin of SARS-CoV-2. From a public health perspective, these actions are necessary as knowledge of the origin of SARS-CoV-2 and of how the virus entered the human population are of pivotal importance in the fundamental control of the COVID-19 pandemic as well as in preventing similar, future pandemics.&lt;/p&gt;

&lt;p&gt;&amp;nbsp;&lt;/p&gt;

&lt;p&gt;&lt;strong&gt;Publication Note (July 17&lt;sup&gt;th&lt;/sup&gt;, 2021):&lt;/strong&gt;&lt;/p&gt;

&lt;p&gt;The three Yan reports used scientific evidence and analyses to prove that SARS-CoV-2 is an&amp;nbsp;&lt;em&gt;Unrestricted Bioweapon&lt;/em&gt;created by military scientists of the Chinese Community Party (CCP) regime. These reports have played a pivotal role in revealing the true identity of the ongoing&amp;nbsp;&lt;em&gt;Unrestricted Biowarfare&lt;/em&gt;. For this reason, the CCP and its allies have been constantly launching attacks at the Yan Reports. Very recently, the&amp;nbsp;&lt;em&gt;Rule of Law Foundation&lt;/em&gt;&amp;nbsp;(ROLF) and&amp;nbsp;&lt;em&gt;Rule of Law Society&lt;/em&gt;&amp;nbsp;(ROLS), which we have listed as our honorary affiliation in our reports, requested&amp;nbsp;&lt;em&gt;Zenodo&lt;/em&gt;&amp;nbsp;to have the original uploads of our reports closed. This was done by the ROLF &amp;amp; ROLS without informing us authors or seeking our agreement. This is unacceptable because the work was done by us authors independently with no financial assistance provided by the ROLF &amp;amp; ROLS or any other organization. Their action here has no scientific basis and is against the rules of scientific publications. To restore the availability of our reports to the world, we have therefore re-uploaded the three Yan reports. Our affiliation has been changed to&amp;nbsp;&lt;em&gt;Yan Research &amp;ndash; An Independent Research Team&lt;/em&gt;.&lt;/p&gt;

&lt;p&gt;The current report was originally published on September 14&lt;sup&gt;th&lt;/sup&gt;, 2020. As of July 16&lt;sup&gt;th&lt;/sup&gt;, 2021, the original&amp;nbsp;&lt;em&gt;Zenodo&lt;/em&gt;upload of it has been viewed 1,339,786 times and downloaded 797,325 times. Upon mutual agreement, Dr. Jie Guan opted out of this publication and his contributions have instead been specified in the acknowledgements.&lt;/p&gt;</description>
</descriptions>
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