Conference paper Open Access

Disposable Yet Official Identities (DYOI) for Privacy-Preserving System Design - The case of COVID-19 digital document verification and credential-based access control in ad hoc outdoor and indoor settings (and beyond)

Petros Kavassalis; Nikos Triantafyllou; Panagiotis Georgakopoulos; Antonis Stasis; Rob van Kranenburg


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        <foaf:name>Rob van Kranenburg</foaf:name>
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    <dct:title>Disposable Yet Official Identities (DYOI) for Privacy-Preserving System Design - The case of COVID-19 digital document verification and credential-based access control in ad hoc outdoor and indoor settings (and beyond)</dct:title>
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    <dct:issued rdf:datatype="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#gYear">2020</dct:issued>
    <dcat:keyword>Disposable Identities, Self-Sovereign Identity, Verifiable Credentials, Digital Document Verification, Crede</dcat:keyword>
    <dcat:keyword>Self-Sovereign Identity</dcat:keyword>
    <dcat:keyword>Verifiable Credentials</dcat:keyword>
    <dcat:keyword>Digital Document Verification</dcat:keyword>
    <dcat:keyword>Credential-based Access Control</dcat:keyword>
    <dcat:keyword>Covid-19 certificates</dcat:keyword>
    <dcat:keyword>Covid-19</dcat:keyword>
    <dct:issued rdf:datatype="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#date">2020-09-06</dct:issued>
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    <dct:description>&lt;p&gt;In this paper we report on the design of a service system to endow next-generation COVID-19 mobile applications with the capacity: a) to instantly manage and verify a wide range of possible COVID-19 digital documents (circulation attestations, work or travel permits based on approved COVID-19 tests, vaccination certificates, etc.) and, b) to provide credential-based access control, especially in cases where the Verifier is not a web entity but a human agent with a smartphone, or an IoT device -- mainly in ad hoc outdoor and indoor settings. The system has been designed as a response to the specific needs of a health emergency situation, but it may have a broader application in different cased and areas of control (such as airport and train stations checking points and board controls), where the verification process must exclude the possibility of a physical interaction between the controller and the subject of control, by maintaining a &amp;ldquo;safe distance&amp;rdquo; between them and while preserving a certain privacy for the subject of control. Our approach levers the potential of Disposable Identities, Self-Sovereign Identities technologies and Verifiable Credentials (VCs) to enable digital document verification and credential-based access control in ad hoc outdoor and indoor settings (and beyond). Towards this, we specifically introduce the concept of &amp;ldquo;Derivative&amp;rdquo; (i.e., transcoded/contextual) Verifiable Credentials. A Derivative VC is a derived bond contract guaranteeing the validity and ownership over the underlying contracts (VCs) whose: a) usability is restricted in a very specific context (that of the &amp;ldquo;local&amp;rdquo; and time-limited interaction between a Subject and a Service Provider) and, b) linking table points only to a specific &amp;ldquo;Pairwise DID&amp;rdquo;.&lt;/p&gt;</dct:description>
    <dct:description>This research has received partial funding from the European Commission (SEAL project funded by CEF Grant Agreement No INEA/CEF/ICT/A2018/1633170 &amp;amp; NGI Forward project funded by H2020 Grant Agreement number 825652), and from SIEMENS (SBchain project funded via Settlement Agreement with Hellenic Republic)</dct:description>
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