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The pathways of humans and animals in the Early Neolithic Balkans: an archaeozoological perspective

Živaljević, Ivana; Dimitrijević, Vesna; Stefanović, Sofija


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  "description": "<p>Over the last couple of decades, extensive archaeozoological and aDNA studies have&nbsp;securely placed the origin of animal domestication in the Middle East. From this area,&nbsp;humans and domesticated animals (sheep, goat, cattle and pig) gradually spread to the&nbsp;Balkans, and ultimately to the rest of Europe. Nevertheless, the faunal record from the&nbsp;Early Neolithic (c. 6500\u20125500 cal BC) sites in the Balkans indicates that this process had&nbsp;been far from uniform. There seem to have been pronounced regional differences in&nbsp;herding strategies, mainly between the southern parts of the Balkan peninsula, and its&nbsp;central and northern parts, bordering with the Great Pannonian plain. In the former,&nbsp;animal husbandry was mainly oriented towards caprovines, whereas in the latter, in&nbsp;addition to sheep and goat, cattle husbandry played a more significant role. In this&nbsp;paper, we present new results of the analysis of faunal assemblages from Early Neolithic&nbsp;sites in Serbia and North Macedonia, the latter representing an area which had<br>\npreviously been insufficiently studied from an archaeozoological perspective. By&nbsp;comparing taxonomic compositions and mortality profiles of domestic animals in the two&nbsp;studied regions, we aim to provide additional insights into different animal husbandry<br>\npractices, and look into possible reasons for this divergence &ndash; adaptations to new&nbsp;environments, cultural attitudes to various animals, and/or adherence to particular&nbsp;traditions.</p>", 
  "license": "https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/legalcode", 
  "creator": [
    {
      "affiliation": "BioSense Institute, University of Novi Sad, Novi Sad, Serbia", 
      "@id": "https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0873-7950", 
      "@type": "Person", 
      "name": "\u017divaljevi\u0107, Ivana"
    }, 
    {
      "affiliation": "BioSense Institute, University of Novi Sad, Novi Sad, Serbia; Laboratory for Bioarchaeology, Department of Archaeology, Faculty of Philosophy, University of Belgrade, Belgrade, Serbia", 
      "@id": "https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8121-5457", 
      "@type": "Person", 
      "name": "Dimitrijevi\u0107, Vesna"
    }, 
    {
      "affiliation": "BioSense Institute, University of Novi Sad, Novi Sad, Serbia; Laboratory for Bioarchaeology, Department of Archaeology, Faculty of Philosophy, University of Belgrade, Belgrade, Serbia", 
      "@id": "https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7434-8788", 
      "@type": "Person", 
      "name": "Stefanovi\u0107, Sofija"
    }
  ], 
  "url": "https://zenodo.org/record/4001655", 
  "datePublished": "2020-08-19", 
  "@type": "PresentationDigitalDocument", 
  "keywords": [
    "Early Neolithic, Balkans, archaeozoology, animal husbandry, regional differences"
  ], 
  "@context": "https://schema.org/", 
  "identifier": "https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4001655", 
  "@id": "https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4001655", 
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    "url": "https://www.e-a-a.org/eaa2020virtual?fbclid=IwAR1dx_bjuDGy7YJ61meyN_DoAZjxF0w9lo83y9BVR8iy88sp10AWIGvrwC8", 
    "alternateName": "EAA", 
    "location": "Virtual", 
    "@type": "Event", 
    "name": "The 26th EAA Virtual Meeting Abstract Book"
  }, 
  "name": "The pathways of humans and animals in the Early Neolithic Balkans: an archaeozoological perspective"
}
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