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The pathways of humans and animals in the Early Neolithic Balkans: an archaeozoological perspective

Živaljević, Ivana; Dimitrijević, Vesna; Stefanović, Sofija


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    "description": "<p>Over the last couple of decades, extensive archaeozoological and aDNA studies have&nbsp;securely placed the origin of animal domestication in the Middle East. From this area,&nbsp;humans and domesticated animals (sheep, goat, cattle and pig) gradually spread to the&nbsp;Balkans, and ultimately to the rest of Europe. Nevertheless, the faunal record from the&nbsp;Early Neolithic (c. 6500\u20125500 cal BC) sites in the Balkans indicates that this process had&nbsp;been far from uniform. There seem to have been pronounced regional differences in&nbsp;herding strategies, mainly between the southern parts of the Balkan peninsula, and its&nbsp;central and northern parts, bordering with the Great Pannonian plain. In the former,&nbsp;animal husbandry was mainly oriented towards caprovines, whereas in the latter, in&nbsp;addition to sheep and goat, cattle husbandry played a more significant role. In this&nbsp;paper, we present new results of the analysis of faunal assemblages from Early Neolithic&nbsp;sites in Serbia and North Macedonia, the latter representing an area which had<br>\npreviously been insufficiently studied from an archaeozoological perspective. By&nbsp;comparing taxonomic compositions and mortality profiles of domestic animals in the two&nbsp;studied regions, we aim to provide additional insights into different animal husbandry<br>\npractices, and look into possible reasons for this divergence &ndash; adaptations to new&nbsp;environments, cultural attitudes to various animals, and/or adherence to particular&nbsp;traditions.</p>", 
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    "keywords": [
      "Early Neolithic, Balkans, archaeozoology, animal husbandry, regional differences"
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    "publication_date": "2020-08-19", 
    "creators": [
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        "orcid": "0000-0002-0873-7950", 
        "affiliation": "BioSense Institute, University of Novi Sad, Novi Sad, Serbia", 
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        "affiliation": "BioSense Institute, University of Novi Sad, Novi Sad, Serbia; Laboratory for Bioarchaeology, Department of Archaeology, Faculty of Philosophy, University of Belgrade, Belgrade, Serbia", 
        "name": "Dimitrijevi\u0107, Vesna"
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        "affiliation": "BioSense Institute, University of Novi Sad, Novi Sad, Serbia; Laboratory for Bioarchaeology, Department of Archaeology, Faculty of Philosophy, University of Belgrade, Belgrade, Serbia", 
        "name": "Stefanovi\u0107, Sofija"
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