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To fish or not to fish? Fish processing at Iron Gates: an experimental approach

Petrović, Anđa; Lemorini, Cristina; Nunziante-Cesaro, Stella; Živaljević, Ivana


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{
  "inLanguage": {
    "alternateName": "eng", 
    "@type": "Language", 
    "name": "English"
  }, 
  "description": "<p>It is well known that many Mesolithic and Early Neolithic sites have been recovered during&nbsp;the past century in the Iron Gates region (Eastern Serbia). The application of diverse analysis&nbsp;on human remains and artefacts raised many questions, but also offered new ideas about the&nbsp;transitional period in the middle and lower course of Danube. New methods and studies of&nbsp;the artefacts enabled the researchers to have a look at the everyday life of the hunter-gatherer-fishermen groups who inhabited the area during Late Glacial and Early Holocene.<br>\nCommunities in Iron Gates consumed fish and exploited the bank in the prehistory. This is&nbsp;visible in the results of isotope analysis done on the human individuals implying that they fed&nbsp;on aquatic resources, in some periods more than in others. Fish remains were also found in the&nbsp;settlements and based on the iconography present on the sculpted boulders and other artefacts,&nbsp;the bond between the people, river, and eco-system was compelling.<br>\nThe idea of this communication is to present the possible fish working using chipped stone tools&nbsp;in the Iron Gates region during the Mesolithic-Neolithic transition. The traces are observed by&nbsp;various methods, having in mind how hard is to detect activity specific as fish processing. The&nbsp;analyses consisted of both low- and high-power approach combined with FTIR analysis.<br>\nThe experimental approach has also been applied as a usual procedure in the use-wear analysis.&nbsp;A couple of experimental sets were done on the larger fish, like common carp (Cyprinus carpio)&nbsp;with an idea to reproduce use-wear traces on chipped stone replicas. Diverse activities as scale&nbsp;removal, hide working, organ removal and filleting were done. In the case of experimental tools,<br>\nFTIR analysis was of additional help to test the tracing of chemical elements that could be&nbsp;connected to activities on diverse fish parts and organs.<br>\nFinally, the experimental results represented by macro traces and polish are being compared&nbsp;to the use-wear traces found on the archaeological sample. Traces of filleting, butchering and&nbsp;decapitation found on the bones were also compared to the ones found on Lepenski Vir, Vlasac&nbsp;and Padina site. This combined and specfiic study helped us understand the processing of fish&nbsp;in the prehistoric period in detail, from the tool selection to the hide tanning.</p>", 
  "license": "https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/legalcode", 
  "creator": [
    {
      "affiliation": "Department of Ancient World Studies, Sapienza University of Rome, Rome, Italy", 
      "@type": "Person", 
      "name": "Petrovi\u0107, An\u0111a"
    }, 
    {
      "affiliation": "Department of Ancient World Studies, Sapienza University of Rome, Rome, Italy", 
      "@type": "Person", 
      "name": "Lemorini, Cristina"
    }, 
    {
      "affiliation": "Scientic Methodologies Applied to Cultural Heritage (SMATCH), Rome, Italy", 
      "@id": "https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1994-3431", 
      "@type": "Person", 
      "name": "Nunziante-Cesaro, Stella"
    }, 
    {
      "affiliation": "BioSense Institute, University of Novi Sad, Novi Sad, Serbia", 
      "@id": "https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0873-7950", 
      "@type": "Person", 
      "name": "\u017divaljevi\u0107, Ivana"
    }
  ], 
  "url": "https://zenodo.org/record/3999335", 
  "datePublished": "2020-07-06", 
  "@type": "PresentationDigitalDocument", 
  "keywords": [
    "use wear analysis, FTIR analysis, experimental archaeology, chipped stone tools, fish processing, Mesolithic, Neolithic, Iron Gates"
  ], 
  "@context": "https://schema.org/", 
  "identifier": "https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3999335", 
  "@id": "https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3999335", 
  "workFeatured": {
    "url": "https://meso2020.sciencesconf.org/", 
    "alternateName": "MESO", 
    "location": "Virtual", 
    "@type": "Event", 
    "name": "MESO' 2020 \u2013 Tenth International Conference on the Mesolithic in Europe"
  }, 
  "name": "To fish or not to fish? Fish processing at Iron Gates: an experimental approach"
}
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