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To fish or not to fish? Fish processing at Iron Gates: an experimental approach

Petrović, Anđa; Lemorini, Cristina; Nunziante-Cesaro, Stella; Živaljević, Ivana


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    "description": "<p>It is well known that many Mesolithic and Early Neolithic sites have been recovered during&nbsp;the past century in the Iron Gates region (Eastern Serbia). The application of diverse analysis&nbsp;on human remains and artefacts raised many questions, but also offered new ideas about the&nbsp;transitional period in the middle and lower course of Danube. New methods and studies of&nbsp;the artefacts enabled the researchers to have a look at the everyday life of the hunter-gatherer-fishermen groups who inhabited the area during Late Glacial and Early Holocene.<br>\nCommunities in Iron Gates consumed fish and exploited the bank in the prehistory. This is&nbsp;visible in the results of isotope analysis done on the human individuals implying that they fed&nbsp;on aquatic resources, in some periods more than in others. Fish remains were also found in the&nbsp;settlements and based on the iconography present on the sculpted boulders and other artefacts,&nbsp;the bond between the people, river, and eco-system was compelling.<br>\nThe idea of this communication is to present the possible fish working using chipped stone tools&nbsp;in the Iron Gates region during the Mesolithic-Neolithic transition. The traces are observed by&nbsp;various methods, having in mind how hard is to detect activity specific as fish processing. The&nbsp;analyses consisted of both low- and high-power approach combined with FTIR analysis.<br>\nThe experimental approach has also been applied as a usual procedure in the use-wear analysis.&nbsp;A couple of experimental sets were done on the larger fish, like common carp (Cyprinus carpio)&nbsp;with an idea to reproduce use-wear traces on chipped stone replicas. Diverse activities as scale&nbsp;removal, hide working, organ removal and filleting were done. In the case of experimental tools,<br>\nFTIR analysis was of additional help to test the tracing of chemical elements that could be&nbsp;connected to activities on diverse fish parts and organs.<br>\nFinally, the experimental results represented by macro traces and polish are being compared&nbsp;to the use-wear traces found on the archaeological sample. Traces of filleting, butchering and&nbsp;decapitation found on the bones were also compared to the ones found on Lepenski Vir, Vlasac&nbsp;and Padina site. This combined and specfiic study helped us understand the processing of fish&nbsp;in the prehistoric period in detail, from the tool selection to the hide tanning.</p>", 
    "language": "eng", 
    "title": "To fish or not to fish? Fish processing at Iron Gates: an experimental approach", 
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    "keywords": [
      "use wear analysis, FTIR analysis, experimental archaeology, chipped stone tools, fish processing, Mesolithic, Neolithic, Iron Gates"
    ], 
    "publication_date": "2020-07-06", 
    "creators": [
      {
        "affiliation": "Department of Ancient World Studies, Sapienza University of Rome, Rome, Italy", 
        "name": "Petrovi\u0107, An\u0111a"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": "Department of Ancient World Studies, Sapienza University of Rome, Rome, Italy", 
        "name": "Lemorini, Cristina"
      }, 
      {
        "orcid": "0000-0003-1994-3431", 
        "affiliation": "Scientic Methodologies Applied to Cultural Heritage (SMATCH), Rome, Italy", 
        "name": "Nunziante-Cesaro, Stella"
      }, 
      {
        "orcid": "0000-0002-0873-7950", 
        "affiliation": "BioSense Institute, University of Novi Sad, Novi Sad, Serbia", 
        "name": "\u017divaljevi\u0107, Ivana"
      }
    ], 
    "meeting": {
      "dates": "7-11 September 2020", 
      "title": "MESO' 2020 \u2013 Tenth International Conference on the Mesolithic in Europe", 
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