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To fish or not to fish? Fish processing at Iron Gates: an experimental approach

Petrović, Anđa; Lemorini, Cristina; Nunziante-Cesaro, Stella; Živaljević, Ivana


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  <identifier identifierType="DOI">10.5281/zenodo.3999335</identifier>
  <creators>
    <creator>
      <creatorName>Petrović, Anđa</creatorName>
      <givenName>Anđa</givenName>
      <familyName>Petrović</familyName>
      <affiliation>Department of Ancient World Studies, Sapienza University of Rome, Rome, Italy</affiliation>
    </creator>
    <creator>
      <creatorName>Lemorini, Cristina</creatorName>
      <givenName>Cristina</givenName>
      <familyName>Lemorini</familyName>
      <affiliation>Department of Ancient World Studies, Sapienza University of Rome, Rome, Italy</affiliation>
    </creator>
    <creator>
      <creatorName>Nunziante-Cesaro, Stella</creatorName>
      <givenName>Stella</givenName>
      <familyName>Nunziante-Cesaro</familyName>
      <nameIdentifier nameIdentifierScheme="ORCID" schemeURI="http://orcid.org/">0000-0003-1994-3431</nameIdentifier>
      <affiliation>Scientic Methodologies Applied to Cultural Heritage (SMATCH), Rome, Italy</affiliation>
    </creator>
    <creator>
      <creatorName>Živaljević, Ivana</creatorName>
      <givenName>Ivana</givenName>
      <familyName>Živaljević</familyName>
      <nameIdentifier nameIdentifierScheme="ORCID" schemeURI="http://orcid.org/">0000-0002-0873-7950</nameIdentifier>
      <affiliation>BioSense Institute, University of Novi Sad, Novi Sad, Serbia</affiliation>
    </creator>
  </creators>
  <titles>
    <title>To fish or not to fish? Fish processing at Iron Gates: an experimental approach</title>
  </titles>
  <publisher>Zenodo</publisher>
  <publicationYear>2020</publicationYear>
  <subjects>
    <subject>use wear analysis, FTIR analysis, experimental archaeology, chipped stone tools, fish processing, Mesolithic, Neolithic, Iron Gates</subject>
  </subjects>
  <dates>
    <date dateType="Issued">2020-07-06</date>
  </dates>
  <language>en</language>
  <resourceType resourceTypeGeneral="Text">Presentation</resourceType>
  <alternateIdentifiers>
    <alternateIdentifier alternateIdentifierType="url">https://zenodo.org/record/3999335</alternateIdentifier>
  </alternateIdentifiers>
  <relatedIdentifiers>
    <relatedIdentifier relatedIdentifierType="DOI" relationType="IsVersionOf">10.5281/zenodo.3999334</relatedIdentifier>
    <relatedIdentifier relatedIdentifierType="URL" relationType="IsPartOf">https://zenodo.org/communities/biosense_institute</relatedIdentifier>
  </relatedIdentifiers>
  <rightsList>
    <rights rightsURI="https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/legalcode">Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International</rights>
    <rights rightsURI="info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess">Open Access</rights>
  </rightsList>
  <descriptions>
    <description descriptionType="Abstract">&lt;p&gt;It is well known that many Mesolithic and Early Neolithic sites have been recovered during&amp;nbsp;the past century in the Iron Gates region (Eastern Serbia). The application of diverse analysis&amp;nbsp;on human remains and artefacts raised many questions, but also offered new ideas about the&amp;nbsp;transitional period in the middle and lower course of Danube. New methods and studies of&amp;nbsp;the artefacts enabled the researchers to have a look at the everyday life of the hunter-gatherer-fishermen groups who inhabited the area during Late Glacial and Early Holocene.&lt;br&gt;
Communities in Iron Gates consumed fish and exploited the bank in the prehistory. This is&amp;nbsp;visible in the results of isotope analysis done on the human individuals implying that they fed&amp;nbsp;on aquatic resources, in some periods more than in others. Fish remains were also found in the&amp;nbsp;settlements and based on the iconography present on the sculpted boulders and other artefacts,&amp;nbsp;the bond between the people, river, and eco-system was compelling.&lt;br&gt;
The idea of this communication is to present the possible fish working using chipped stone tools&amp;nbsp;in the Iron Gates region during the Mesolithic-Neolithic transition. The traces are observed by&amp;nbsp;various methods, having in mind how hard is to detect activity specific as fish processing. The&amp;nbsp;analyses consisted of both low- and high-power approach combined with FTIR analysis.&lt;br&gt;
The experimental approach has also been applied as a usual procedure in the use-wear analysis.&amp;nbsp;A couple of experimental sets were done on the larger fish, like common carp (Cyprinus carpio)&amp;nbsp;with an idea to reproduce use-wear traces on chipped stone replicas. Diverse activities as scale&amp;nbsp;removal, hide working, organ removal and filleting were done. In the case of experimental tools,&lt;br&gt;
FTIR analysis was of additional help to test the tracing of chemical elements that could be&amp;nbsp;connected to activities on diverse fish parts and organs.&lt;br&gt;
Finally, the experimental results represented by macro traces and polish are being compared&amp;nbsp;to the use-wear traces found on the archaeological sample. Traces of filleting, butchering and&amp;nbsp;decapitation found on the bones were also compared to the ones found on Lepenski Vir, Vlasac&amp;nbsp;and Padina site. This combined and specfiic study helped us understand the processing of fish&amp;nbsp;in the prehistoric period in detail, from the tool selection to the hide tanning.&lt;/p&gt;</description>
  </descriptions>
</resource>
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