There is a newer version of this record available.

Report Open Access

Anomalies in BatCoV/RaTG13 sequencing and provenance

Daoyu Zhang

JSON Export

  "files": [
      "links": {
        "self": ""
      "checksum": "md5:95765f53088968b797e7add552e9b1ec", 
      "bucket": "e35f2d99-eee5-4e64-a176-78c6d35aa9e1", 
      "key": "RaTG13 anomalies.pdf", 
      "type": "pdf", 
      "size": 2621416
  "owners": [
  "doi": "10.5281/zenodo.3969272", 
  "stats": {
    "version_unique_downloads": 6043.0, 
    "unique_views": 5955.0, 
    "views": 6597.0, 
    "version_views": 26534.0, 
    "unique_downloads": 1700.0, 
    "version_unique_views": 21356.0, 
    "volume": 5027875888.0, 
    "version_downloads": 7131.0, 
    "downloads": 1918.0, 
    "version_volume": 26514053302.0
  "links": {
    "doi": "", 
    "conceptdoi": "", 
    "bucket": "", 
    "conceptbadge": "", 
    "html": "", 
    "latest_html": "", 
    "badge": "", 
    "latest": ""
  "conceptdoi": "10.5281/zenodo.3969271", 
  "created": "2020-08-01T08:37:20.505595+00:00", 
  "updated": "2021-11-15T12:20:06.594146+00:00", 
  "conceptrecid": "3969271", 
  "revision": 13, 
  "id": 3969272, 
  "metadata": {
    "access_right_category": "success", 
    "doi": "10.5281/zenodo.3969272", 
    "description": "<p>To this date, the most critical piece of evidence on the purposed &ldquo;natural origin&rdquo; theory of SARS-CoV-2, was the sequence known as RaTG13, allegedly collected from a single fecal sample from Rhinolophus Affinis. Understanding the provenance of RaTG13 is critical on the ongoing debate of the Origins of SARS-CoV-2. However, this sample is allegedly &ldquo;used up&rdquo; and therefore can no longer be accessed nor sequenced independently [1], and the only available data was the 3 related Genbank accessions: MN996532.1, SRX7724752 and SRX8357956.</p>\n\n<p>We report these datasets possessed multiple significant anomalies, and the provenence of the promised claims of RaTG13 or it&rsquo;s role in proving a &ldquo;probable bat origin&rdquo;[2] of SARS-CoV-2 can not be satisfied nor possibly be confirmed.</p>", 
    "language": "eng", 
    "title": "Anomalies in BatCoV/RaTG13 sequencing and provenance", 
    "license": {
      "id": "CC-BY-4.0"
    "relations": {
      "version": [
          "count": 9, 
          "index": 0, 
          "parent": {
            "pid_type": "recid", 
            "pid_value": "3969271"
          "is_last": false, 
          "last_child": {
            "pid_type": "recid", 
            "pid_value": "5702700"
    "communities": [
        "id": "covid-19"
    "references": [
      "Zhou P, Yang XL, Wang XG, et al. A pneumonia outbreak associated with a new coronavirus of probable bat origin. Nature. 2020;579(7798):270-273. doi:10.1038/s41586-020-2012-7", 
      "Rose C, Parker A, Jefferson B, Cartmell E. The Characterization of Feces and Urine: A Review of the Literature to Inform Advanced Treatment Technology. Crit Rev Environ Sci Technol. 2015;45(17):1827-1879. doi:10.1080/10643389.2014.1000761", 
      "Xiao C, Li X, Liu S, Sang Y, Gao SJ, Gao F. HIV-1 did not contribute to the 2019-nCoV genome. Emerg Microbes Infect. 2020;9(1):378-381. Published 2020 Feb 14. doi:10.1080/22221751.2020.1727299", 
      "Paskey, A.C., Frey, K.G., Schroth, G. et al. Enrichment post-library preparation enhances the sensitivity of high-throughput sequencing-based detection and characterization of viruses from complex samples. BMC Genomics 20, 155 (2019)."
    "keywords": [
      "Raw Data"
    "publication_date": "2020-08-01", 
    "creators": [
        "affiliation": "The University Of Sydney", 
        "name": "Daoyu Zhang"
    "access_right": "open", 
    "resource_type": {
      "subtype": "report", 
      "type": "publication", 
      "title": "Report"
    "related_identifiers": [
        "scheme": "doi", 
        "identifier": "10.5281/zenodo.3969271", 
        "relation": "isVersionOf"
All versions This version
Views 26,5346,597
Downloads 7,1311,918
Data volume 26.5 GB5.0 GB
Unique views 21,3565,955
Unique downloads 6,0431,700


Cite as