Journal article Open Access

Prionotus murielae Mowbray, 1928 is the juvenile of the Bandtail Searobin Prionotus ophryas (Teleostei: Scorpaeniformes: Triglidae).

Victor, Benjamin C.; Ianniello, Linda


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    <subfield code="a">Prionotus murielae Mowbray, 1928 is the juvenile of the Bandtail Searobin  Prionotus ophryas (Teleostei: Scorpaeniformes: Triglidae).</subfield>
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    <subfield code="a">&lt;p&gt;For almost a century, a single small holotype specimen of the searobin &lt;em&gt;Prionotus murielae&lt;/em&gt; Mowbray, 1928 from Bahamas has been considered a valid species. The diagnostic character for the species is two long filamentous uppermost pectoral-fin rays, otherwise every author agreed it was essentially the same as the Bandtail Searobin, &lt;em&gt;Prionotus&lt;/em&gt; &lt;em&gt;ophryas&lt;/em&gt; Jordan &amp;amp; Swain, 1885. Recent underwater photographs show juvenile &lt;em&gt;P. ophryas&lt;/em&gt; have a filamentous uppermost pectoral-fin ray and a juvenile specimen from trawls in the Gulf of Mexico has the two long filamentous rays. The specimen was sequenced for the mtDNA-barcode COI marker and it matched all other &lt;em&gt;P. ophryas&lt;/em&gt; sequences available. The early stages of &lt;em&gt;P. ophryas&lt;/em&gt; are documented here, with a spectacularly colorful, newly settled stage with bright-blue fin spots. The pelagic larvae also show the blue spots, and a transforming individual, showing all the features of a juvenile, was photographed while still pelagic in deep waters off South Florida. The larval stage closely resembles the larvae of the invasive lionfish, &lt;em&gt;Pterois volitans&lt;/em&gt;, but has a different color pattern, number, and arrangement of pectoral-fin rays.&lt;/p&gt;</subfield>
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