Dataset Open Access

ESA-WOC North Atlantic Sea Surface Salinity maps from a multivariate combination of satellite and in situ surface measurements (2010-2018)

Buongiorno Nardelli, Bruno

We deliver here the daily sea surface salinity level 4 (SSS L4) product developed in the framework of the  European Space Agency World Ocean Circulation project (ESA-WOC), covering the period 2010-2018. This product was obtained by adapting to a 1/10° North Atlantic grid the multidimensional optimal interpolation algorithm used within the Copernicus Marine Environment Monitoring Service to retrieve the global SSS multi-year dataset (, product_id: MULTIOBS_GLO_PHY_REP_015_002, dataset_id: dataset-sss-ssd-rep-weekly). This algorithm interpolates SMOS observations and in situ SSS observations considering a space-time-thermal decorrelation function, estimated by including information from high-pass filtered daily SST data (Droghei et al., 2016; Buongiorno Nardelli, 2012). Here, we ingested the L3OS 2Q debiased daily valid ocean salinity values product from SMOS satellite, produced and disseminated by the Centre Aval de Traitement des Données SMOS (CATDS, 2017), OSTIA SST data (CMEMS,, product_id=SST_GLO_SST_L4_REP_OBSERVATIONS_010_011) and CORA5.2 surface salinity values (, product_id: INSITU_GLO_TS_REP_OBSERVATIONS_013_001_b, doi: 10.17882/46219TS1, Szekely et al., 2019) as input data, and used CMEMS weekly SSS dataset to build our background field (linearly interpolating it in time between the two closest analysis dates, and upsizing to the 1/10° grid through a cubic spline). All other interpolation parameters were set as in Droghei et al. (2018).            



Buongiorno Nardelli, B.: A Novel Approach for the High-Resolution Interpolation of In Situ Sea Surface Salinity, J. Atmos. Ocean. Technol., 29(6), 867–879, doi:10.1175/JTECH-D-11-00099.1, 2012.

CATDS (2017). CATDS-PDC L3OS 2Q - Debiased daily valid ocean salinity values product from SMOS satellite. CATDS (CNES, IFREMER, LOCEAN, ACRI).

Droghei, R., Buongiorno Nardelli, B. and Santoleri, R.: Combining in-situ and satellite observations to retrieve salinity and density at the ocean surface, J. Atmos. Ocean. Technol., 33, 1211–1223, doi:10.1175/JTECH-D-15-0194.1, 2016.

Droghei, R., Buongiorno Nardelli, B. and Santoleri, R.: A New Global Sea Surface Salinity and Density Dataset From Multivariate Observations (1993–2016), Front. Mar. Sci., 5(March), 1–13, doi:10.3389/fmars.2018.00084, 2018.

Szekely, T., Gourrion, J., Pouliquen, S. and Reverdin, G.: The CORA 5.2 dataset for global in situ temperature and salinity measurements: Data description and validation, Ocean Sci., 15(6), 1601–1614, doi:10.5194/os-15-1601-2019, 2019.

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