Journal article Open Access

Transfer-print integration of GaAs p-i-n photodiodes onto silicon nitride waveguides for near-infrared applications

Goyvaerts, Jeroen; Kumari, Sulakshna; Uvin, Sarah; Zhang, Jing; Baets, Roel; Gocalinska, Agnieszka; Pelucchi, Emanuele; Corbett, Brian; Roelkens, Günther

We demonstrate waveguide-detector coupling through the integration of GaAs p-i-n photodiodes (PDs) on top of silicon nitride grating couplers (GCs) by means of transfer-printing. Both single device and arrayed printing is demonstrated. The photodiodes exhibit dark currents below 20 pA and waveguide-referred responsivities of up to 0.30 A/W at 2V reverse bias, corresponding to an external quantum efficiency of 47% at 860 nm. We have integrated the detectors on top of a 10-channel on-chip arrayed waveguide grating (AWG) spectrometer, made in the commercially available imec BioPIX-300 nm platform.

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