Conference paper Open Access

Effects of female genital mutilation on physical, social and psychological health of the victims

Kirigia, Consolata

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    <subfield code="a">Female circumcision also known as female genital mutilation 
(FGM), involves none medical cutting or removal of some parts 
or the entire external female genitalia. FGM is known to cause 
physical health problems such as scaring or formation of keloids, 
infertility, infections and menstrual difficulties. FGM also causes 
complications during labor and delivery, which include prolonged 
labor, post-partum hemorrhage and perineal tears. Psychological 
problems are major effects such as depression, low self-esteem 
and post-traumatic stress syndrome. Social health problems 
to victims and indirectly to significant others may include lack 
of intimacy related to sexual dysfunction like arousal, orgasm, 
lubrication and satisfaction. The practice is very rampant in most 
African countries and the effects have global impacts. Much is 
being done to try and alleviate the suffering of the victims as well 
as trying to eradicate the practice by educating communities 
through their leaders, men involvement and coming up with 
policies that protect the rights of women against such gender 
based violence. Studies have been done on FGM but still there 
is literature gap on the global physical, social and psychological 
effects of FGM. These effects need to be studied specifically on 
the victims as the study group and the survivors as the control 
group. Such studies will provide evidence to healthcare providers 
to effectively initiate high quality medical care to both the victims 
and the survivors of FGM.</subfield>
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