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Contaminación ambiental en México: Responsabilidad política y social

Padilla-Santamaría, Fernando; Ferman-Cano, Floribel


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{
  "inLanguage": {
    "alternateName": "spa", 
    "@type": "Language", 
    "name": "Spanish"
  }, 
  "description": "<p><strong>RESUMEN</strong></p>\n\n<p>La contaminaci&oacute;n ambiental en M&eacute;xico ha representado un problema de gran inter&eacute;s cient&iacute;fico, pol&iacute;tico y social desde las &uacute;ltimas d&eacute;cadas del siglo XX. Algunas alternativas propuestas para disminuir la cantidad de contaminaci&oacute;n han sido la creaci&oacute;n y protecci&oacute;n de las &aacute;reas verdes en la ciudad, leyes que protejan los ecosistemas y la regulaci&oacute;n del crecimiento y extensi&oacute;n de la poblaci&oacute;n hacia zonas prohibidas.&nbsp;<br>\n&nbsp;<br>\nEl objetivo de este escrito es brindar una cr&iacute;tica y opini&oacute;n con fundamento en los hechos m&aacute;s relevantes acontecidos en M&eacute;xico haciendo un &eacute;nfasis especial en el primer semestre del 2019, con el fin de exponer la gravedad de este problema y concientizar a la poblaci&oacute;n acerca del cambio de h&aacute;bitos y comportamientos respecto a las malas pr&aacute;cticas en materia ambiental.&nbsp;<br>\n&nbsp;<br>\nNo se trata de preocuparnos por el futuro, sino por el presente y darle peso a lo que realmente es importante; la econom&iacute;a es siempre variable, por lo que forzar un crecimiento de esta en lugar de tratar problemas ambientales resulta una decisi&oacute;n fatal. En general, se comenta que si queremos un cambio debemos empezar desde abajo, y ese &ldquo;abajo&rdquo; simboliza al pueblo, por lo que no es necesario esperar a que el gobierno emplee nuevos m&eacute;todos o promueva leyes que protejan el ambiente para tener la iniciativa u obligaci&oacute;n moral de hacer una diferencia.</p>\n\n<p>&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p><strong>ABSTRACT</strong></p>\n\n<p>Environmental pollution in Mexico is a problem of scientific, political and social interest since the last decades of the XX century. Some alternatives proposed for decreased the amount of pollution have been the creation and protection of green areas in the city, laws that protect the ecosystems and the regulation of the population growth and extension to prohibited areas.&nbsp;<br>\n&nbsp;<br>\nThe purpose of this paper is to provide a critique and opinion based on the most relevant events in Mexico making a special emphasis on the first half of 2019, in order to expose the seriousness of this problem and raise public awareness about changing practices and bad habits in environmental matters.&nbsp;<br>\n&nbsp;<br>\nWe must not worry about the future, but about the present and give weight to what is really important; the economy is always variable, so force an economic halt instead of treating environmental problems is a fatal decision. In general, we commented that if we want changes we must start from below, and this &ldquo;below&rdquo; symbolizes the people, so wait for the government &nbsp;employ new methods &nbsp;or promote laws that protect the environment to have the initiative or moral obligation to make a difference is not necessary.</p>", 
  "license": "https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/legalcode", 
  "creator": [
    {
      "affiliation": "Anatom\u00eda Patol\u00f3gica, Hospital de Pediatr\u00eda \"Dr. Silvestre Frenk Freund\", Centro M\u00e9dico Nacional Siglo XXI, Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social. Ciudad de M\u00e9xico, M\u00e9xico.", 
      "@id": "https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5535-1332", 
      "@type": "Person", 
      "name": "Padilla-Santamar\u00eda, Fernando"
    }, 
    {
      "affiliation": "Anatom\u00eda Patol\u00f3gica, Hospital de Pediatr\u00eda \"Dr. Silvestre Frenk Freund\", Centro M\u00e9dico Nacional Siglo XXI, Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social. Ciudad de M\u00e9xico, M\u00e9xico.", 
      "@id": "https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3673-9192", 
      "@type": "Person", 
      "name": "Ferman-Cano, Floribel"
    }
  ], 
  "headline": "Contaminaci\u00f3n ambiental en M\u00e9xico: Responsabilidad pol\u00edtica y social", 
  "image": "https://zenodo.org/static/img/logos/zenodo-gradient-round.svg", 
  "datePublished": "2019-07-24", 
  "url": "https://zenodo.org/record/3903848", 
  "keywords": [
    "Contaminaci\u00f3n del aire", 
    "Contaminantes del Agua", 
    "Conservaci\u00f3n de los Recursos Naturales", 
    "\u00c1reas Verdes", 
    "Salud P\u00fablica", 
    "Air Pollution", 
    "Water Pollutants", 
    "Conservation of Natural Resourses", 
    "Green Areas", 
    "Public Health"
  ], 
  "@context": "https://schema.org/", 
  "identifier": "https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3903848", 
  "@id": "https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3903848", 
  "@type": "ScholarlyArticle", 
  "name": "Contaminaci\u00f3n ambiental en M\u00e9xico: Responsabilidad pol\u00edtica y social"
}
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