Project deliverable Open Access

Public report on current methods in CS Engagement CSI-COP EU H2020 project (Report D2.1, CSI-COP)

Ignat Tiberius; Stepankova Olga; Shah Huma; Celentano Ulrico; Zhitormsky-Geffet Maayan; Gialelis Yiannis; Pierce Robin; Vallverdú Jordi; Bal Damla; Persic Sanja; Bencze Julia; Wyler Daniel; Ozdemir Deniz

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  <identifier identifierType="DOI">10.5281/zenodo.3899478</identifier>
      <creatorName>Ignat Tiberius</creatorName>
      <nameIdentifier nameIdentifierScheme="ORCID" schemeURI="">0000-0002-4839-2344</nameIdentifier>
      <affiliation>Immer Besser</affiliation>
      <creatorName>Stepankova Olga</creatorName>
      <affiliation>Czech Technical University</affiliation>
      <creatorName>Shah Huma</creatorName>
      <affiliation>Coventry University</affiliation>
      <creatorName>Celentano Ulrico</creatorName>
      <affiliation>University of Oulu</affiliation>
      <creatorName>Zhitormsky-Geffet Maayan</creatorName>
      <affiliation>Bar-Ilan University</affiliation>
      <creatorName>Gialelis Yiannis</creatorName>
      <affiliation>University of Patras</affiliation>
      <creatorName>Pierce Robin</creatorName>
      <affiliation>Tilburg Institute for Law, Technology &amp; Society</affiliation>
      <creatorName>Vallverdú Jordi</creatorName>
      <affiliation>Universitat Autonoma de Barcelona</affiliation>
      <creatorName>Bal Damla</creatorName>
      <affiliation>Immer Besser</affiliation>
      <creatorName>Persic Sanja</creatorName>
      <affiliation>Immer Besser</affiliation>
      <creatorName>Bencze Julia</creatorName>
      <affiliation>Immer Besser</affiliation>
      <creatorName>Wyler Daniel</creatorName>
      <affiliation>University of Zurich</affiliation>
      <creatorName>Ozdemir Deniz</creatorName>
      <affiliation>Czech Technical University</affiliation>
    <title>Public report on current methods in CS Engagement CSI-COP EU H2020 project (Report D2.1, CSI-COP)</title>
    <subject>citizen science, cookies, data collection, dark patterns, data protection, data protection laws, digital divide, ePrivacy, GDPR, gender, geographical location, motivation, privacy, privacy-by-default, privacy-by-design, socio-economic factors, tracking</subject>
    <date dateType="Issued">2020-04-30</date>
  <resourceType resourceTypeGeneral="Text">Project deliverable</resourceType>
    <alternateIdentifier alternateIdentifierType="url"></alternateIdentifier>
    <relatedIdentifier relatedIdentifierType="DOI" relationType="IsVersionOf">10.5281/zenodo.3899477</relatedIdentifier>
    <rights rightsURI="">Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International</rights>
    <rights rightsURI="info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess">Open Access</rights>
    <description descriptionType="Abstract">&lt;p&gt;CSI-COP deliverable D2.1 is a public research report realised from the exhaustive literature review&lt;br&gt;
conducted for Task 2.1 by the involved partners in the research phase of the EU Horizon2020 science&lt;br&gt;
with and for society (SwafS) project Citizen scientists investigating cookies and app GDPR&lt;br&gt;
compliance (CSI-COP). With the report produced from the next T2.2 research task, deliverable D2.2&lt;br&gt;
(due M06), D2.1 will lead to the development of CSI-COP project&amp;rsquo;s framework for best practices in&lt;br&gt;
inclusive citizen science recruitment and engagement.&lt;/p&gt;

D2.1 focused on CSI-COP&amp;rsquo;s research questions:&lt;br&gt;
1. Whether citizen scientists developed scientific skills and competences?&lt;br&gt;
2. If participation acted as a motivator leading to informal and formal science education of&lt;br&gt;
young people and adults?&lt;br&gt;
3. Whether participation countered perceived anti-intellectual attitudes in society?&lt;br&gt;
4. Whether participation raised the scientific literacy of European citizens?&lt;br&gt;
5. Whether participation promotes social inclusion and employability?&lt;br&gt;
6. Best tools for citizen science reporting and interaction with researchers?&lt;br&gt;
7. Best platform for managing citizen science&amp;rsquo;s data collection?&lt;br&gt;
8. What are the existing types of platforms used by citizen scientists and their experiences with&lt;br&gt;
9. Challenges in the management of collected data?&lt;br&gt;
10. Online support - requirements and experiences of citizen scientists?&lt;/p&gt;

&lt;p&gt;Summary of findings are:&lt;br&gt;
A. Participation in citizen science projects provides further learning opportunities for inquiring&lt;br&gt;
minds, with the activities extending the learning experience. As an informal learning&lt;br&gt;
experience, citizen science is notable for involving many of the procedures of formal science,&lt;br&gt;
including gathering data, testing hypotheses, and modeling outcomes. Through engagement&lt;br&gt;
with professional scientists, citizen scientists gain valuable access to opportunity to learn and&lt;br&gt;
to generate new knowledge.&lt;br&gt;
B. Volunteers participate in citizen science projects for many reasons, such as a willingness and&lt;br&gt;
a desire to contribute to science, learn science, and for fun. Studies showed that volunteers&amp;amp;#39;&lt;br&gt;
motivation to participate included a number of factors such as values, altruism and concern&lt;br&gt;
for others, understanding, social, career, ego protective, escape from negative feelings, ego&lt;br&gt;
enhancement, personal growth and self-esteem.&lt;/p&gt;

&lt;p&gt;CSI-COP referred to various sources of information: journal articles, webpages, official reports,&lt;br&gt;
books, book chapters, professional blogs, conference proceedings, doctoral theses, and other sources&lt;br&gt;
of reliable information. The vast majority of the sources are journal articles (just under 56%).&lt;br&gt;
Citizen science activity is well communicated through webpages and blogs (aggregate number of CSI-&lt;br&gt;
COP D2.1 source, 23.48%). Figure 1 illustrates a map of the spread of these sources. A massive&lt;br&gt;
concentration of citizen science activities exist in USA, Germany, UK, Australia and a few other&lt;br&gt;

&lt;p&gt;CSI-COP D2.1 full report of &amp;lsquo;citizen science best practices&amp;rsquo;, with detailed answers to the project&amp;rsquo;s&lt;br&gt;
research questions, please download from:&lt;br&gt;
1. CSI-COP website &amp;lsquo;Project Results&amp;rsquo; page here:;br&gt;
2. Pure portal, Coventry University from here:;br&gt;
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