Journal article Open Access

Problematic and Risks of Agricultural Activity in Fragile Environments Case of the Administrative Territory of Mila Province, Northeast Algeria

Ouaret, Hemza; Drias, Ammar

This study examines the approach of two contradictions in agricultural activity. The former is between the imperativeness of using agricultural technology as a necessity to overcome natural obstacles and secure the increasing food needs. The latter is, however, between the imperativeness of protecting natural resources as a guarantee for global and sustainable development. This is through investigating the effects and manifestations of environmental degradation in the administrative region of the province of Mila, which turned out to be an excellent agricultural field with considerable agricultural areas and enormous water resources. However, it poses the problem of exploiting these natural resources due to terrain obstruction and climatic conditions. Diagnosis and exploitation of available natural resources, agricultural activities, practice, and inputs of agricultural technology used in production enabled us to record several observations on the threats to fragile agricultural and ecosystems. Through field research and treatment of physical and chemical analyzes of surface water in three different areas of study, it turns out that the latter know several aspects of environmental degradation, including water and soil pollution, biodiversity degradation, groundwater depletion, in addition to soil erosion and its contribution to the mudding of the largest dam in Algeria.

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