Preprint Open Access

The OpenFlexure Project. The technical challenges of Co-Developing a microscope in the UK and Tanzania

Julian Stirling; Valerian L. Sanga; Paul T. Nyakyi; Grace A. Mwakajinga; Joel T. Collins; Kaspar Bumke; Joe Knapper; Qingxin Meng; Samuel McDermott; Richard Bowman


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  <identifier identifierType="DOI">10.5281/zenodo.3862777</identifier>
  <creators>
    <creator>
      <creatorName>Julian Stirling</creatorName>
      <nameIdentifier nameIdentifierScheme="ORCID" schemeURI="http://orcid.org/">0000-0002-8270-9237</nameIdentifier>
      <affiliation>University of Bath</affiliation>
    </creator>
    <creator>
      <creatorName>Valerian L. Sanga</creatorName>
      <nameIdentifier nameIdentifierScheme="ORCID" schemeURI="http://orcid.org/">0000-0001-8421-4134</nameIdentifier>
      <affiliation>STICLab</affiliation>
    </creator>
    <creator>
      <creatorName>Paul T. Nyakyi</creatorName>
      <affiliation>STICLab</affiliation>
    </creator>
    <creator>
      <creatorName>Grace A. Mwakajinga</creatorName>
      <affiliation>STICLab</affiliation>
    </creator>
    <creator>
      <creatorName>Joel T. Collins</creatorName>
      <nameIdentifier nameIdentifierScheme="ORCID" schemeURI="http://orcid.org/">0000-0002-9382-7511</nameIdentifier>
      <affiliation>University of Bath</affiliation>
    </creator>
    <creator>
      <creatorName>Kaspar Bumke</creatorName>
      <affiliation>University of Bath</affiliation>
    </creator>
    <creator>
      <creatorName>Joe Knapper</creatorName>
      <nameIdentifier nameIdentifierScheme="ORCID" schemeURI="http://orcid.org/">0000-0002-5519-1700</nameIdentifier>
      <affiliation>University of Bath</affiliation>
    </creator>
    <creator>
      <creatorName>Qingxin Meng</creatorName>
      <affiliation>University of Bath</affiliation>
    </creator>
    <creator>
      <creatorName>Samuel McDermott</creatorName>
      <nameIdentifier nameIdentifierScheme="ORCID" schemeURI="http://orcid.org/">0000-0003-2736-5467</nameIdentifier>
      <affiliation>University of Cambridge</affiliation>
    </creator>
    <creator>
      <creatorName>Richard Bowman</creatorName>
      <nameIdentifier nameIdentifierScheme="ORCID" schemeURI="http://orcid.org/">0000-0002-0167-4969</nameIdentifier>
      <affiliation>University of Bath</affiliation>
    </creator>
  </creators>
  <titles>
    <title>The OpenFlexure Project. The technical challenges of Co-Developing a microscope in the UK and Tanzania</title>
  </titles>
  <publisher>Zenodo</publisher>
  <publicationYear>2020</publicationYear>
  <subjects>
    <subject>Microscopy</subject>
    <subject>Co-Design</subject>
    <subject>Distributed manufacturing</subject>
    <subject>Medical Devices</subject>
  </subjects>
  <dates>
    <date dateType="Issued">2020-05-28</date>
  </dates>
  <language>en</language>
  <resourceType resourceTypeGeneral="Text">Preprint</resourceType>
  <alternateIdentifiers>
    <alternateIdentifier alternateIdentifierType="url">https://zenodo.org/record/3862777</alternateIdentifier>
  </alternateIdentifiers>
  <relatedIdentifiers>
    <relatedIdentifier relatedIdentifierType="DOI" relationType="IsVersionOf">10.5281/zenodo.3862776</relatedIdentifier>
    <relatedIdentifier relatedIdentifierType="URL" relationType="IsPartOf">https://zenodo.org/communities/africarxiv</relatedIdentifier>
  </relatedIdentifiers>
  <rightsList>
    <rights rightsURI="https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/legalcode">Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International</rights>
    <rights rightsURI="info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess">Open Access</rights>
  </rightsList>
  <descriptions>
    <description descriptionType="Abstract">&lt;p&gt;The OpenFlexure Microscope is a 3D-printed laboratory-grade motorised microscope. Over the past 3 years, the microscope has primarily been co-developed between the University of Bath and the Tanzanian engineering company STICLab. We are beginning the process of preparing the microscope for medical certification, as an &lt;em&gt;in-vitro&lt;/em&gt; diagnostic device. In this paper we detail the technical challenges of remote design of a complex scientific instrument. We believe that identifying and solving these issues is essential if we are to encourage research organisations in the Global North to design instrumentation with Africans, rather than &amp;quot;for Africa&amp;quot;.&lt;/p&gt;</description>
    <description descriptionType="Other">Funded by Royal Commission for the Exhibition of 1851; Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EP/P029426/1, EP/R011443/1, EP/R013969/1); Royal Society (RGF\EA\181034, URF\R1\180153).</description>
  </descriptions>
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