Journal article Open Access

Effects of cycle and treadmill desks on energy expenditure and cardiometabolic parameters in sedentary workers: review and meta-analysis

Podrekar, Nastja; Kozinc, Žiga; Šarabon, Nejc


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    <subfield code="a">&lt;p&gt;Purpose. The aim of this article was to evaluate the effects of cycle and treadmill desks on energy expenditure and car- diovascular and biochemical indicators in sedentary workers.&amp;nbsp;Materials and methods. In February 2018, six databases were searched. Both parallel and crossover design studies evaluating workplace cycle and treadmill desks compared to a conventional seated condition were included.&amp;nbsp;Results. Twenty-two studies met the inclusion criteria. Cycle and tread- mill desks significantly increased energy expenditure (standard mean difference [SMD]&amp;nbsp;=&amp;nbsp;3.84,&amp;nbsp;p&amp;nbsp;&amp;lt;&amp;nbsp;0.001,&amp;nbsp;I&amp;nbsp;2&amp;nbsp;=&amp;nbsp;95%) and the heart rate (SMD&amp;nbsp;=&amp;nbsp;1.68,&amp;nbsp;p&amp;nbsp;&amp;lt;&amp;nbsp;0.001,&amp;nbsp;I&amp;nbsp;2&amp;nbsp;=&amp;nbsp;91%), and lowered blood glucose and insulin levels (SMD&amp;nbsp;=&amp;nbsp;&amp;ndash;0.54,&amp;nbsp;p&amp;nbsp;&amp;lt;&amp;nbsp;0.001,&amp;nbsp;I&amp;nbsp;2&amp;nbsp;=&amp;nbsp;0% and&amp;nbsp;SMD&amp;nbsp;=&amp;nbsp;&amp;ndash;3.13,&amp;nbsp;p&amp;nbsp;&amp;lt;&amp;nbsp;0.001,&amp;nbsp;I&amp;nbsp;2&amp;nbsp;=&amp;nbsp;76%, respectively). The interventions had no effect on blood pres- sure and other biochemical indicators.&amp;nbsp;Conclusion. Cycle and treadmill desks may positively influence energy expenditure in sedentary workers and could be effective for reducing negative effects of workplace-related sedentary behaviour. However, considerable heterogeneity is present in the measuring protocols for energy expenditure.&lt;/p&gt;</subfield>
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