Journal article Open Access

Effects of cycle and treadmill desks on energy expenditure and cardiometabolic parameters in sedentary workers: review and meta-analysis

Podrekar, Nastja; Kozinc, Žiga; Šarabon, Nejc


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{
  "DOI": "10.1080/10803548.2018.1562688", 
  "language": "eng", 
  "author": [
    {
      "family": "Podrekar, Nastja"
    }, 
    {
      "family": "Kozinc, \u017diga"
    }, 
    {
      "family": "\u0160arabon, Nejc"
    }
  ], 
  "issued": {
    "date-parts": [
      [
        2019, 
        2, 
        7
      ]
    ]
  }, 
  "abstract": "<p>Purpose. The aim of this article was to evaluate the effects of cycle and treadmill desks on energy expenditure and car- diovascular and biochemical indicators in sedentary workers.&nbsp;Materials and methods. In February 2018, six databases were searched. Both parallel and crossover design studies evaluating workplace cycle and treadmill desks compared to a conventional seated condition were included.&nbsp;Results. Twenty-two studies met the inclusion criteria. Cycle and tread- mill desks significantly increased energy expenditure (standard mean difference [SMD]&nbsp;=&nbsp;3.84,&nbsp;p&nbsp;&lt;&nbsp;0.001,&nbsp;I&nbsp;2&nbsp;=&nbsp;95%) and the heart rate (SMD&nbsp;=&nbsp;1.68,&nbsp;p&nbsp;&lt;&nbsp;0.001,&nbsp;I&nbsp;2&nbsp;=&nbsp;91%), and lowered blood glucose and insulin levels (SMD&nbsp;=&nbsp;&ndash;0.54,&nbsp;p&nbsp;&lt;&nbsp;0.001,&nbsp;I&nbsp;2&nbsp;=&nbsp;0% and&nbsp;SMD&nbsp;=&nbsp;&ndash;3.13,&nbsp;p&nbsp;&lt;&nbsp;0.001,&nbsp;I&nbsp;2&nbsp;=&nbsp;76%, respectively). The interventions had no effect on blood pres- sure and other biochemical indicators.&nbsp;Conclusion. Cycle and treadmill desks may positively influence energy expenditure in sedentary workers and could be effective for reducing negative effects of workplace-related sedentary behaviour. However, considerable heterogeneity is present in the measuring protocols for energy expenditure.</p>", 
  "title": "Effects of cycle and treadmill desks on energy expenditure and cardiometabolic parameters in sedentary workers: review and meta-analysis", 
  "type": "article-journal", 
  "id": "3842008"
}
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