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PAWS: Towards a globally integrated outbreak surveillance system for public health

von Csefalvay, Chris; Foldi, Tamas


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    <subfield code="a">&lt;p&gt;The novel emergent coronavirus now designated SARS-CoV-2 emerged in Wuhan, Hubei Province, China, in late 2019. Since then,&amp;nbsp;this rapidly spreading pathogen has created one of the most significant pandemics in recent history. Globalisation and international&amp;nbsp;trade have created a unique potential for fast-moving pathogens to spread globally overnight. In this paper, we describe a globally&amp;nbsp;integrated system of data-driven viral surveillance by analogy to the CTBTO&amp;rsquo;s technical infrastructure. Established as a result of the Comprehensive Nuclear Test Ban Treaty signed in 1996, it is backed by a robust, globally distributed monitoring infrastructure that may serve as an inspiration for developing a similar monitoring network for public health. We propose to build on the experiences of the CTBTO&amp;rsquo;s technical infrastructure to conceptualise a Pandemic Advance Warning System, an early warning infrastructure for emerging pathogenic threats.&lt;/p&gt;</subfield>
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