Conference paper Open Access
Mbavarira, Tanaka Mandy; Imboden, Christoph
Insufficient and unreliable data regarding European ancillary service markets lead us to carry out a survey aimed at collecting data and information from European transmission and distribution system operators for the purpose of understanding the markets’ capacity for accommodating distributed loads as balancing service providers. A review of literature enhanced the survey knowledge base as far as possible in cases of no survey responses and information being openly available. At the time of writing, the markets found to be closed to the participation of loads or non-rotating masses such as water electrolysers included Croatia, Czech Republic, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland, Portugal, Romania and Spain. The European grid service market landscape is highly heterogenous with contrasts seen in market rules, market transparency, technical requirements and least of all price levels. In this report we present the availability and utilisation prices of balancing products that electrolysers are technically suited to providing services to. We provide an overview of the market conditions and utilisation and availability remuneration. Finally, we address that grid services on the distribution level such as congestion management, capacity management and voltage control are not readily offered on the distribution level by distributed system operators.