Dataset Open Access

War of Words: The Competitive Dynamics of Legislative Processes

Kristof, Victor; Grossglauser, Matthias; Thiran, Patrick


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  <identifier identifierType="URL">https://zenodo.org/record/3757714</identifier>
  <creators>
    <creator>
      <creatorName>Kristof, Victor</creatorName>
      <givenName>Victor</givenName>
      <familyName>Kristof</familyName>
      <affiliation>EPFL</affiliation>
    </creator>
    <creator>
      <creatorName>Grossglauser, Matthias</creatorName>
      <givenName>Matthias</givenName>
      <familyName>Grossglauser</familyName>
      <affiliation>EPFL</affiliation>
    </creator>
    <creator>
      <creatorName>Thiran, Patrick</creatorName>
      <givenName>Patrick</givenName>
      <familyName>Thiran</familyName>
      <affiliation>EPFL</affiliation>
    </creator>
  </creators>
  <titles>
    <title>War of Words: The Competitive Dynamics of Legislative Processes</title>
  </titles>
  <publisher>Zenodo</publisher>
  <publicationYear>2020</publicationYear>
  <subjects>
    <subject>legislative amendments, european union, european parliament</subject>
  </subjects>
  <dates>
    <date dateType="Issued">2020-04-20</date>
  </dates>
  <resourceType resourceTypeGeneral="Dataset"/>
  <alternateIdentifiers>
    <alternateIdentifier alternateIdentifierType="url">https://zenodo.org/record/3757714</alternateIdentifier>
  </alternateIdentifiers>
  <relatedIdentifiers>
    <relatedIdentifier relatedIdentifierType="DOI" relationType="IsDocumentedBy" resourceTypeGeneral="Text">10.1145/3366423.3380041</relatedIdentifier>
    <relatedIdentifier relatedIdentifierType="DOI" relationType="IsIdenticalTo">10.1145/3366423.3380041</relatedIdentifier>
    <relatedIdentifier relatedIdentifierType="URL" relationType="IsPartOf">https://zenodo.org/communities/epfl</relatedIdentifier>
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  <version>1.0</version>
  <rightsList>
    <rights rightsURI="https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/legalcode">Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International</rights>
    <rights rightsURI="info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess">Open Access</rights>
  </rightsList>
  <descriptions>
    <description descriptionType="Abstract">&lt;p&gt;This upload contains the dataset presented and used in the paper:&lt;/p&gt;

&lt;blockquote&gt;
&lt;p&gt;Kristof, V., Grossglauser, M., Thiran, P., &lt;a href="https://infoscience.epfl.ch/record/275473/"&gt;&lt;em&gt;War of Words: The Competitive Dynamics of Legislative Processes&lt;/em&gt;&lt;/a&gt;, The Web Conference, April 20-24, 2020, Taipei, Taiwan&lt;/p&gt;
&lt;/blockquote&gt;

&lt;p&gt;&lt;strong&gt;Read&amp;nbsp;Section 2.2 of the paper to learn more about the European legislative process.&amp;nbsp;&lt;/strong&gt;The code to process and use the dataset can be found on &lt;a href="https://github.com/indy-lab/war-of-words"&gt;GitHub&lt;/a&gt;.&lt;/p&gt;

&lt;p&gt;The dataset is split into two legislature periods of the European Parliament, the 7th (&lt;strong&gt;war-of-words-ep7.txt&lt;/strong&gt;) and the 8th (&lt;strong&gt;war-of-words-ep8.txt&lt;/strong&gt;) legislature.&amp;nbsp;Here is a snippet to load the dataset (for EP7 in this example) in Python:&lt;/p&gt;

&lt;pre&gt;&lt;code class="language-python"&gt;import json

with open('path/to/war-of-words-ep7.txt') as f:
    dataset = [json.loads(l) for l in f.readlines()]
&lt;/code&gt;&lt;/pre&gt;

&lt;p&gt;In the two text files, each line is a data point representing a &lt;em&gt;conflict between edits&lt;/em&gt;. It is encoded as a JSON list of dictionaries, where each dictionary is an edit.&amp;nbsp;Each edit has the following structure:&lt;/p&gt;

&lt;pre&gt;&lt;code class="language-json"&gt;{
  'edit_id': 163187,                     // Unique edit identifier.
  'accepted': True,                      // Label.
  'dossier_ref': 'ENVI-AD(2012)487738',  // Reference to dossier (see below).
  'authors': [                           // List of authors.
    {
      'id': 4550,                        // Unique MEP identifier (see below).
      'name': 'Jill EVANS',              // MEP name.
      'rapporteur': False                // Whether the MEP is rapporteur.
    },
  ],
}&lt;/code&gt;&lt;/pre&gt;

&lt;p&gt;You can assume that:&lt;/p&gt;

&lt;ul&gt;
	&lt;li&gt;Each data point has at least one edit.&lt;/li&gt;
	&lt;li&gt;If there is only one edit, then it is &lt;em&gt;in conflict with the status quo&amp;nbsp;&lt;/em&gt;(see Section 4 of the paper).&lt;/li&gt;
	&lt;li&gt;If there are two or more edits in conflict, then they are all in conflict against each other&amp;nbsp;&lt;em&gt;and&lt;/em&gt;&amp;nbsp;they are in conflict with the status quo (see Section 4 of the paper).&lt;/li&gt;
	&lt;li&gt;At most one edit is accepted in&amp;nbsp;each data point.&lt;/li&gt;
	&lt;li&gt;In each legislature, each edit has a unique identifier.&lt;/li&gt;
	&lt;li&gt;There are no timestamps associated with edits (see Section 3 of the paper).&amp;nbsp;&lt;/li&gt;
&lt;/ul&gt;

&lt;p&gt;The &lt;strong&gt;dossier_ref&lt;/strong&gt;&amp;nbsp;can be used to get more information on the dossier. It is formatted as &lt;strong&gt;COMM-TYPE(YEAR)PENUMBER &lt;/strong&gt;(this follows the notation of file names used by the Parliament Secretariat), where&lt;/p&gt;

&lt;ul&gt;
	&lt;li&gt;&lt;strong&gt;COMM&lt;/strong&gt;&amp;nbsp;is the &lt;a href="https://www.europarl.europa.eu/committees/en/about/introduction"&gt;committee&lt;/a&gt; identifier (4 capital letters)&lt;/li&gt;
	&lt;li&gt;&lt;strong&gt;TYPE&lt;/strong&gt;&amp;nbsp;is either &lt;strong&gt;AD&lt;/strong&gt;&amp;nbsp;(opinion) or &lt;strong&gt;A{7,8}&lt;/strong&gt;&amp;nbsp;(report for EP7 or EP8, see Section 2.2 of the paper)&lt;/li&gt;
	&lt;li&gt;&lt;strong&gt;YEAR&lt;/strong&gt;&amp;nbsp;is the year the dossier has been voted&lt;/li&gt;
	&lt;li&gt;&lt;strong&gt;PENUMBER&lt;/strong&gt;&amp;nbsp;is the &amp;quot;PE number&amp;quot;, a&amp;nbsp;document identifier used by the European Parliament&lt;/li&gt;
&lt;/ul&gt;

&lt;p&gt;You can browse the Parliament documents&amp;nbsp;to find details about the dossier for &lt;a href="https://www.europarl.europa.eu/committees/en/archives/7/document-search"&gt;EP7&lt;/a&gt; and &lt;a href="https://www.europarl.europa.eu/committees/en/archives/8/document-search"&gt;EP8&lt;/a&gt;&amp;nbsp;(the PE number field should be enough).&lt;/p&gt;

&lt;p&gt;The&amp;nbsp;parliamentarians (MEPs, for Member of the European Parliament) have a unique identifier that you can use to get more details about them on the Parliament website: Go to&amp;nbsp;&lt;strong&gt;https://www.europarl.europa.eu/meps/en/MEP_ID&lt;/strong&gt;, where&amp;nbsp;&lt;strong&gt;MEP_ID&amp;nbsp;&lt;/strong&gt;is the id of the MEP of interest.&lt;/p&gt;

&lt;p&gt;This dataset is vowed to become richer:&amp;nbsp;I will add more features, as I am able to extract them.&lt;/p&gt;

&lt;p&gt;&amp;nbsp;&lt;/p&gt;

&lt;p&gt;&lt;strong&gt;Don&amp;#39;t hesitate to &lt;a href="mailto:victor.kristof@epfl.ch?subject=Question%20about%20the%20War%20of%20Words%20dataset"&gt;reach out to me&lt;/a&gt; if you have any questions!&lt;/strong&gt;&lt;/p&gt;

&lt;p&gt;&amp;nbsp;&lt;/p&gt;

&lt;p&gt;To cite this work:&lt;/p&gt;

&lt;pre&gt;&lt;code&gt;@inproceedings{kristof2020war,
  author = {Kristof, Victor and Grossglauser, Matthias and Thiran, Patrick},
  title = {War of Words: The Competitive Dynamics of Legislative Processes},
  year = {2020},
  booktitle = {Proceedings of The Web Conference 2020},
  pages = {2803–2809},
  numpages = {7},
  location = {Taipei, Taiwan},
  series = {WWW '20}
}&lt;/code&gt;&lt;/pre&gt;

&lt;p&gt;&amp;nbsp;&lt;/p&gt;</description>
  </descriptions>
</resource>
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