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War of Words: The Competitive Dynamics of Legislative Processes

Kristof, Victor; Grossglauser, Matthias; Thiran, Patrick


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    <dcat:keyword>legislative amendments, european union, european parliament</dcat:keyword>
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    <dct:description>&lt;p&gt;This upload contains the dataset presented and used in the paper:&lt;/p&gt; &lt;blockquote&gt; &lt;p&gt;Kristof, V., Grossglauser, M., Thiran, P., &lt;a href="https://infoscience.epfl.ch/record/275473/"&gt;&lt;em&gt;War of Words: The Competitive Dynamics of Legislative Processes&lt;/em&gt;&lt;/a&gt;, The Web Conference, April 20-24, 2020, Taipei, Taiwan&lt;/p&gt; &lt;/blockquote&gt; &lt;p&gt;&lt;strong&gt;Read&amp;nbsp;Section 2.2 of the paper to learn more about the European legislative process.&amp;nbsp;&lt;/strong&gt;The code to process and use the dataset can be found on &lt;a href="https://github.com/indy-lab/war-of-words"&gt;GitHub&lt;/a&gt;.&lt;/p&gt; &lt;p&gt;The dataset is split into two legislature periods of the European Parliament, the 7th (&lt;strong&gt;war-of-words-ep7.txt&lt;/strong&gt;) and the 8th (&lt;strong&gt;war-of-words-ep8.txt&lt;/strong&gt;) legislature.&amp;nbsp;Here is a snippet to load the dataset (for EP7 in this example) in Python:&lt;/p&gt; &lt;pre&gt;&lt;code class="language-python"&gt;import json with open('path/to/war-of-words-ep7.txt') as f: dataset = [json.loads(l) for l in f.readlines()] &lt;/code&gt;&lt;/pre&gt; &lt;p&gt;In the two text files, each line is a data point representing a &lt;em&gt;conflict between edits&lt;/em&gt;. It is encoded as a JSON list of dictionaries, where each dictionary is an edit.&amp;nbsp;Each edit has the following structure:&lt;/p&gt; &lt;pre&gt;&lt;code class="language-json"&gt;{ 'edit_id': 163187, // Unique edit identifier. 'accepted': True, // Label. 'dossier_ref': 'ENVI-AD(2012)487738', // Reference to dossier (see below). 'authors': [ // List of authors. { 'id': 4550, // Unique MEP identifier (see below). 'name': 'Jill EVANS', // MEP name. 'rapporteur': False // Whether the MEP is rapporteur. }, ], }&lt;/code&gt;&lt;/pre&gt; &lt;p&gt;You can assume that:&lt;/p&gt; &lt;ul&gt; &lt;li&gt;Each data point has at least one edit.&lt;/li&gt; &lt;li&gt;If there is only one edit, then it is &lt;em&gt;in conflict with the status quo&amp;nbsp;&lt;/em&gt;(see Section 4 of the paper).&lt;/li&gt; &lt;li&gt;If there are two or more edits in conflict, then they are all in conflict against each other&amp;nbsp;&lt;em&gt;and&lt;/em&gt;&amp;nbsp;they are in conflict with the status quo (see Section 4 of the paper).&lt;/li&gt; &lt;li&gt;At most one edit is accepted in&amp;nbsp;each data point.&lt;/li&gt; &lt;li&gt;In each legislature, each edit has a unique identifier.&lt;/li&gt; &lt;li&gt;There are no timestamps associated with edits (see Section 3 of the paper).&amp;nbsp;&lt;/li&gt; &lt;/ul&gt; &lt;p&gt;The &lt;strong&gt;dossier_ref&lt;/strong&gt;&amp;nbsp;can be used to get more information on the dossier. It is formatted as &lt;strong&gt;COMM-TYPE(YEAR)PENUMBER &lt;/strong&gt;(this follows the notation of file names used by the Parliament Secretariat), where&lt;/p&gt; &lt;ul&gt; &lt;li&gt;&lt;strong&gt;COMM&lt;/strong&gt;&amp;nbsp;is the &lt;a href="https://www.europarl.europa.eu/committees/en/about/introduction"&gt;committee&lt;/a&gt; identifier (4 capital letters)&lt;/li&gt; &lt;li&gt;&lt;strong&gt;TYPE&lt;/strong&gt;&amp;nbsp;is either &lt;strong&gt;AD&lt;/strong&gt;&amp;nbsp;(opinion) or &lt;strong&gt;A{7,8}&lt;/strong&gt;&amp;nbsp;(report for EP7 or EP8, see Section 2.2 of the paper)&lt;/li&gt; &lt;li&gt;&lt;strong&gt;YEAR&lt;/strong&gt;&amp;nbsp;is the year the dossier has been voted&lt;/li&gt; &lt;li&gt;&lt;strong&gt;PENUMBER&lt;/strong&gt;&amp;nbsp;is the &amp;quot;PE number&amp;quot;, a&amp;nbsp;document identifier used by the European Parliament&lt;/li&gt; &lt;/ul&gt; &lt;p&gt;You can browse the Parliament documents&amp;nbsp;to find details about the dossier for &lt;a href="https://www.europarl.europa.eu/committees/en/archives/7/document-search"&gt;EP7&lt;/a&gt; and &lt;a href="https://www.europarl.europa.eu/committees/en/archives/8/document-search"&gt;EP8&lt;/a&gt;&amp;nbsp;(the PE number field should be enough).&lt;/p&gt; &lt;p&gt;The&amp;nbsp;parliamentarians (MEPs, for Member of the European Parliament) have a unique identifier that you can use to get more details about them on the Parliament website: Go to&amp;nbsp;&lt;strong&gt;https://www.europarl.europa.eu/meps/en/MEP_ID&lt;/strong&gt;, where&amp;nbsp;&lt;strong&gt;MEP_ID&amp;nbsp;&lt;/strong&gt;is the id of the MEP of interest.&lt;/p&gt; &lt;p&gt;This dataset is vowed to become richer:&amp;nbsp;I will add more features, as I am able to extract them.&lt;/p&gt; &lt;p&gt;&amp;nbsp;&lt;/p&gt; &lt;p&gt;&lt;strong&gt;Don&amp;#39;t hesitate to &lt;a href="mailto:victor.kristof@epfl.ch?subject=Question%20about%20the%20War%20of%20Words%20dataset"&gt;reach out to me&lt;/a&gt; if you have any questions!&lt;/strong&gt;&lt;/p&gt; &lt;p&gt;&amp;nbsp;&lt;/p&gt; &lt;p&gt;To cite this work:&lt;/p&gt; &lt;pre&gt;&lt;code&gt;@inproceedings{kristof2020war, author = {Kristof, Victor and Grossglauser, Matthias and Thiran, Patrick}, title = {War of Words: The Competitive Dynamics of Legislative Processes}, year = {2020}, booktitle = {Proceedings of The Web Conference 2020}, pages = {2803–2809}, numpages = {7}, location = {Taipei, Taiwan}, series = {WWW '20} }&lt;/code&gt;&lt;/pre&gt; &lt;p&gt;&amp;nbsp;&lt;/p&gt;</dct:description>
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