Journal article Open Access

Impact of a Daily Probiotic (Lactobacillus casei Shirota) for 12 Months on the Frequency of Diverticulitis Episodes: Feasibility Study in Primary Care.

John Nichols*; Barbara Engel; Linda V. Thomas; Paul Grob; Michelle Dobrota Gibbs; Peter Williams; Tamara Fenton; Simon de Lusignan


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        <foaf:name>John Nichols*</foaf:name>
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        <foaf:name>Barbara Engel</foaf:name>
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        <foaf:name>Linda V. Thomas</foaf:name>
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            <foaf:name>Department of Mathematics, University of Surrey, Guildford, Surrey GU2 7XH, UK.</foaf:name>
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        <foaf:name>Tamara Fenton</foaf:name>
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            <foaf:name>Nutrition and Dietetic Service (Cambridge and Peterborough NHS Foundation Trust), First Floor, Sackville House, Sackville Way, Cambourne, Cambridgeshire, CB23 6HL</foaf:name>
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            <foaf:name>Department of Clinical Medicine and Ageing, University of Surrey, Guildford, Surrey GU2 7XH, UK.</foaf:name>
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    <dct:title>Impact of a Daily Probiotic (Lactobacillus casei Shirota) for 12 Months on the Frequency of Diverticulitis Episodes: Feasibility Study in Primary Care.</dct:title>
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    <dct:issued rdf:datatype="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#gYear">2020</dct:issued>
    <dcat:keyword>Keywords: Dietary fibre; Diverticulitis; Gastrointestinal symptoms; Lactobacillus casei Shirota; Primary care; Probiotic</dcat:keyword>
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    <dct:description>&lt;p&gt;&lt;strong&gt;Background:&lt;/strong&gt;Some small secondary care studies have shown benefits from taking probiotics in diverticular disease. We investigated the feasibility of conducting a year-long probiotic study in primary care.&lt;/p&gt; &lt;p&gt;&lt;strong&gt;Methods:&lt;/strong&gt;Patients (n=21) with a past history of uncomplicated acute diverticulitis but not currently taking antibiotics were recruited from four general practices. Subjects were asked to take the daily probiotic drink Yakult&amp;Ograve;. Probiotic effects were assessed by comparing clinically diagnosed diverticulitis attacks in the 6 months prior to probiotic intervention with the 0-6 and 6-12 month periods after probiotic intervention commenced. Effects on gastrointestinal symptoms were assessed by validated questionnaires at baseline, 6 and 12 months. Diet diaries were also completed.&lt;/p&gt; &lt;p&gt;&lt;strong&gt;Results: &lt;/strong&gt;Two thirds (14/21) of subjects who demonstrated good adherence in taking the daily probiotic improved symptomatically (p=0.025). Clinical presentations with diverticulitis were down 50% during the study period compared with the 12 months period before (7 vs 14 cases; p=0.021). The mean change in gastrointestinal symptom score improved significantly (p &amp;lt;0.001). Diverticulitis episodes did not correlate with body mass index (BMI), diabetic status or dietary fibre.&amp;nbsp;&lt;/p&gt; &lt;p&gt;&lt;strong&gt;Conclusions: &lt;/strong&gt;Taking the daily probiotic was associated with a lower rate of clinical presentation with diverticulitis episodes and improvement in gastrointestinal symptoms. Sufficient information is presented to design a definitive trial. However, we recommend inclusion of a method to validate the diagnosis of diverticulitis. It is feasible to recruit and run a study that requires participants to take a daily probiotic drink for a year in a primary care setting.&lt;/p&gt; &lt;p&gt;LACTOPRoD was registered at ClinicalTrials.gov:&amp;nbsp;NCT01609751 in 2012.&lt;/p&gt;</dct:description>
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