Journal article Open Access

Double-heterodyne probing for ultra-stable laser based on spectral hole burning in a rare-earth doped crystal

Galland, N.; Lučić, N.; Zhang, S.; Alvarez-Martinez, H.; Le Targat, R.; Ferrier, A.; Goldner, P.; Fang, B.; Seidelin, S.; Le Coq, Y.

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<oai_dc:dc xmlns:dc="" xmlns:oai_dc="" xmlns:xsi="" xsi:schemaLocation="">
  <dc:creator>Galland, N.</dc:creator>
  <dc:creator>Lučić, N.</dc:creator>
  <dc:creator>Zhang, S.</dc:creator>
  <dc:creator>Alvarez-Martinez, H.</dc:creator>
  <dc:creator>Le Targat, R.</dc:creator>
  <dc:creator>Ferrier, A.</dc:creator>
  <dc:creator>Goldner, P.</dc:creator>
  <dc:creator>Fang, B.</dc:creator>
  <dc:creator>Seidelin, S.</dc:creator>
  <dc:creator>Le Coq, Y.</dc:creator>
  <dc:description>We present an experimental technique for realizing a specific absorption spectral pattern in a rare-earth-doped crystal at cryogenic temperatures. This pattern is subsequently probed on two spectral channels simultaneously, thereby producing an error signal allowing frequency locking of a laser on the said spectral pattern. Appropriate combination of the two channels leads to a substantial reduction of the detection noise, paving the way to realizing an ultra-stable laser for which the detection noise can be made arbitrarily low when using multiple channels. We use such technique to realize a laser with a frequency instability of 1.7 × 10−15 at 1 second, not limited by the detection noise but by environmental perturbation of the crystal. This is comparable with the lowest instability demonstrated at 1 second to date for rare-earth doped crystal stabilized lasers.</dc:description>
  <dc:subject>rare earth</dc:subject>
  <dc:subject>quantum technologies</dc:subject>
  <dc:title>Double-heterodyne probing for ultra-stable laser based on spectral hole burning in a rare-earth doped crystal</dc:title>
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