Journal article Open Access
The analysis of the relationship between law and policy is based on current legal theories, which build their models on the basis of the interaction of these two phenomena as in the process of state formation, so in the management of the state and the civil society. Legal theories correlate with the constitutional process in Ukraine, which gives reason to speak about the growing of the influence of political mechanisms on national legislation, the state, society and citizens’ justice.
This raises the question of the relation of the archetypes of legal culture with the direct political and legal experience of the nation-state, which over time is crystallized into theoretical doctrines and the corresponding political and legal practice of their implementation.
Legal theories, as well as the positions of national scholars regarding the law and politics, also did not go beyond the definitions of the influence of national factors on the interaction of law and policy. The autonomous model (legal positivism), the insertion model (natural law theory), and the intersection model (American and Scandinavian legal realism) always had a common field from which different (in our case Ukrainian) national systems of law development ware sprouted. In this field law and politics are two (to a greater or lesser extent) different phenomena that interact with one another (with lesser or greater frequency) in the light of national interests and what the social sciences call the «spirit of the nation».
In a transitional period, the positioning of the law in Ukraine is too closely linked to the political realities and interests of the political elites, which in most cases are still very far from the generally accepted principles of law. This is also the case today, in particular during the discussion and adoption of the bills on amendments to the Constitution of Ukraine proposed by the President in August 2019.
It is clear that the issues of interaction of the law (law) and politics in Ukrainian realities are at the stage of their formation, which is caused by significant structural changes in the political life of society.