Journal article Open Access
The author notes that the positive global changes at the same time pose serious problems for peace and justice. From the point of view of criminogenic factors, globalization, despite all the positive aspects, at the same time leads to a large number of negative consequences, has a significant impact on crime. In this regard, studies of the impact of globalization processes on the formulation and development of criminal policy and, as a consequence, the effective functioning of the political system in this field, are relevant.
Unprecedented openness in trade, finance, transportation and communications has created economic growth and prosperity in many countries. At the same time, globalization is also creating opportunities for the increasing prosperity of illicit trade. Just as there are direct links between technological progress and economic liberalization, the removal of barriers to international trade in goods and the free movement of funds also facilitate illicit trade. Organized crime is diversified, globalized at the same time as all other processes, and reaches a macroeconomic scale: illicit goods are made on one continent, transported across another, and sold on another. Such crime stimulates corruption, infiltration of illegal business into politics, and thus significantly impedes the development of society.
In modern conditions, one of the main tasks of mankind is that globalization in various spheres of society does not become a source of additional conflict situations, does not increase tensions in the world, because the modern world and so full of risks, dangers, threats and mistrust. And if globalization itself becomes as much of a global threat as the environmental global problem or the problem of relations between prosperous industrialized countries and the rest of the world, the situation in the world will become even more acute.
The political system of criminal policy must adapt to the global demands of modern times by finding new forms and mechanisms for the exercise of its functions. First and foremost, attention should be paid to transnational organized crime, as well as the rapid development of IT, which cannot but affect the crime itself and the ways to minimize it. Particularly noteworthy are the tendencies towards regionalization of the political system, which at present leads to the formation of separatist attitudes.